Dogs are not always the best friend of man! Dog bites can cause nasty injuries, especially in young children and babies. Just as obviously caused the injury, dog bites have an additional risk of infectious diseases.
One of the best known diseases carried by dogs is rabies. Rabies is a virus transmitted by animals, is often transmitted to humans after animal bites. Just as dogs, wild animals like bats and foxes can also carry the virus. Early signs and symptoms of rabies are very general, which may include headache, nausea, vomiting and fever. As the disease progresses, other characteristic symptoms such as irritability and hallucinations.
If you suspect you may have come in contact with the rabies virus, it is important to seek medical help urgently. A rabies vaccine can be given after exposure to reduce the risk of contracting the disease.
First aid for a dog bite
You can treat a dog bite, following the simple advice below first aid.
Step 1: Use of clean water (with soap or an antiseptic, if possible) wash the wound. Be sure to clean the area around the wound thoroughly well.
Step 2: Cover the wound with a sterile dressing. If bleeding is severe, raise the wound and apply direct pressure. Ensure an ambulance is called, if you can not control the bleeding.
Step 3: If there is a risk of infection (ie, is in an area at risk of rabies) or a wound looks serious, seek medical attention immediately. The victim may need an injection to protect against rabies virus.
If you are concerned that the dog may be in the neighborhood and represents a danger to self or other and then call the police immediately. Do not try to capture or calm the dog, as this may result in further injury to himself or others.
If you are concerned about rabies, you can find a map of risk areas on the website of the World Health Organization. It is important to follow the travel tips when traveling to areas at risk of rabies, this could include not pet stray animals or leave food outdoors.
The above advice also applies to any animal or human bites, not just dogs.