Abdominal Pain Guide

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Abdominal pain

What Is Abdominal Pain?        

Abdominal pain is pain that is felt in the abdomen. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly. Discomfort can come from any one of them.We can rarely discover a human being who has not experienced from abdominal discomfort very least once in his lifetime. Abdominal pain can be of various types, caused by a number of reasons, which range from basic to harmful situations. Irrespective of the cause and the severity, it is difficult for the affected individuals and the care providers, and hence forces them to go for a professional medical consultation.

Abdomen is the part of the human body among the thorax and pelvis, which happens to be separated from the thorax by a diaphragm and from the true pelvis by an unreal plane.

Anteriorly the anterior abdominal wall helps it and posteriorly, the spine and back muscles. Skin, superficial fascia, deep fascia, muscles, layers of fascia , more peritoneal connective tissue as well as the outer layer of peritoneum form the anterior abdominal wall.

The abdominal cavity extends way up in to the concavity of diaphragm and downwards straight into the pelvic cavity. Since there is overlapping by the ribs in the higher part and pelvic bones in the lower part, the actual measurements of the abdominal cavity is hidden.

What Causes This Disease?

Several different problems can lead to abdominal pain. The main element is to know when you need to seek health care immediately. On many occasions you can  wait an use home care treatments, and call your health care provider at a later on only if the symptoms continue to persist.

Pain can develop from any of the components inside the abdomen or the abdominal wall. In addition pain messages coming in the chest, back, or pelvis can often be recognized as coming from the abdomen. For example, people with strokes pneumonia often complain of upper abdominal pain rather than chest pain. There are many possible reasons of pain. The table shows some of the more common causes of pain –

Non-abdominal causes:Pneumonia (lung infection)Myocardial infarction (heart attack)

Pleurisy (irritation of the lining around the lungs)

Pulmonary embolism (blood clots to the lungs)

Functional problems of the abdomen:

Non-ulcer dyspepsia (discomfort after eating not due to ulcers)

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (problems with the bile duct valve)

Functional abdominal pain (pain without clear cause)

Irritable bowel syndrome (pain associated with bowel movements)

Cancers of the upper abdomen:

Hepatoma (liver cancer)

Cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct or gall bladder cancer)

Pancreatic cancer

Stomach cancer

Lymphoma (cancer of the immune cells)

Abdominal or chest wall pain:

Shingles (herpes zoster infection)

Costochondritis (inflammation of the rib cartilages)

Injury (blunt trauma, muscle pulls)

Nerve irritation (neuropathy)

Hernias (protrusions of structures through the abdominal wall)

Inflammatory conditions of the upper abdomen:

Ulcer disease (duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer)

Esophagitis (gastroesophageal reflux disease)

Gastritis (irritation of the lining of the stomach)

Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)

Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder)

Choledocholithiasis (passage of gall stones through the bile duct)

Hepatitis (infection or inflammation of the liver)

Colitis (infection or inflammation of the colon)

Vascular problems:

Mesenteric vascular insufficiency (blocked arteries or veins)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (swelling of the main artery in the belly)

Inflammatory conditions in the mid-and lower abdomen:

Enteritis (infections of the small bowel, Crohn’s disease)

Colitis (infection or inflammation of the colon)

Diverticulitis (inflammation of pouches that form in the colon)


Bowel obstruction:

Adhesions (scars in the belly that form after surgery or inflammation)



Colon Cancer

Urinary tract problems:

Kidney stones

Urinary tract infections (kidneys, bladder)

Tumors of the kidneys or bladder

Pelvic problems in women:

Ovarian cysts or cancer

Infection of the tubes (salpingitis)

Ectopic pregnancy

Fibroid tumors of the uterus (womb)

Malignant tumors of the uterus or cervix


Adhesions (scars)


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