Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus, which is why the disease is also called Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is shortened to DHF. There are 4 types of Dengue virus, which is why in some cases of dengue fever patients who show symptoms of a different one with another dengue fever patients. The disease is transmitted from one patient to other patients through the mosquito Aedes aegypti. These mosquitoes usually bite during the day. Mosquitoes that suck blood from patients with DHF and then biting someone else is healthy to make a virus that is moving to a healthy person and would cause the person suffering from Dengue Fever.
Typhus is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi. These bacteria exist in the rapidly evolving in dirty places. The spread of bacteria is aided by the insect-bacteria-carrying insects such as flies or other insects. This bacteria can exist in foods or beverages and will enter the body of people who consume them. That causes a person can be exposed to typhoid.
Dengue virus causes bleeding in the organs of the body of the sufferer. Red spots usually appear in patients showed bleeding in his body. If it is severe, bleeding may occur in vital organs that can cause death.
Typhoid bacteria attacks the intestines causing injury to the bowel. Furthermore, we will attack the liver, spleen and gall bladder.
In patients with dengue fever, the symptoms are commonly encountered are:
High heat, generally> 38 degrees Celsius.
Body aches or muscle aches, headache, chills, waste water or vomit.
Appears red spots. These symptoms may not appear if a fever is a new experience for a while. How to see these red spots with a tourniquet test is to clamp blood vessels much like when you want to check blood pressure. After this stage, usually red spots will appear.
After the third day, usually fever will go down and the patient may feel healed, but after that fever can strike back. At this time you should be careful not to assume that had recovered and did not maintain their health.
In patients with typhoid fever, the symptoms are as follows:
Initially, experienced fever is not too high and the temperature will continue to increase gradually to> 38 degrees Celsius.
Especially at night, temperatures will rise and will fall in the morning. This is what distinguishes typhoid fever with dengue fever.
Abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Cough and sore throat.
The most appropriate way to tell if someone is suffering from dengue or typhoid fever is to conduct the examination. Consult with your doctor and usually to be sure, the doctor will ask to perform blood tests. By taking the patient’s blood can be known with certainty what the illness suffered.
In patients with dengue fever, the examination is done by examining the number of platelets. If the platelet count decreased, typically <100.000/ul, someone will be diagnosed with dengue fever. However, if the fever is just one day would not be known because the platelet count is still normal. In cases like this, you can come back to the doctor to check if the platelet count still has a fever. At a more sophisticated examination, can be known whether the blood contains dengue virus or not. So, if the platelet count was normal but the blood tested positive for dengue virus means you have dengue fever.
To find out if you have typhoid or not, it will be done Widal test. Examined in this test is whether the blood contains antibodies to the bacterium Salmonella typhi. If the results indicate> 1 / 160 means you are suffering from typhus. Other tests may be done by checking the patient because feces in patients with typhoid stools containing Salmonella typhi bacteria.
There are no specific medications to treat patients with dengue fever since there is no vaccine for dengue virus killing. Things you can do is to keep the patient does not become dehydrated. If patients can not eat well, have diarrhea or vomiting, it helps patients hospitalized in order to be assisted by the infusion so that people with stronger durability. In patients with dengue fever there is no dietary restrictions.
For the treatment of typhus, will usually be given antibiotics to kill bacteria. To heal the wounds intestine, the food you eat should not be hard to not force the action of the bowels that are sick. Team rice or porridge to be consumed with food. Avoid acidic and spicy foods.
As is often echoed, to prevent, in particular it prevents the proliferation of Aedes aegypti mosquito which is the means of transmission of dengue fever is to perform three movements M. The meaning of movement 3 M is a bathtub drain at least once a week, closed water reservoirs, and bury the used goods unused potential into a puddle of rain water.
As for preventing typhoid fever is to keep the environment clean so that bacteria can not breed typhus. Choose foods and drinks that clean for consumption.