Mosquito Aedes aegypti
Outbreaks of dengue fever which attracted worldwide attention first appeared in Manila in 1954. Most cases of dengue fever occurred in the country located in the tropics and subtropics. This is not surprising because mosquitoes love with a warm environment to live.
Aedes aegypti mosquito is a carrier of disease Dengue virus. How its spread by mosquitoes that bite someone who is already infected with dengue virus. This virus will be carried in the mosquito salivary glands. These mosquitoes then bite a healthy person. Simultaneously with the suctioning of blood from healthy individuals, viral hemorrhagic fever also move to that person and cause healthy people had been infected with dengue virus.
Dengue mosquito has a different life cycles of insects. Mosquitoes are active from early morning until around 3 pm to suck the blood that also means it can spread the dengue fever virus. While at night, mosquitoes are sleeping. So, beware of mosquito bites during the day and prevent these mosquitoes bite a child who was taking a nap.
The habits of this mosquito is he happy to be in a puddle of water and in areas with many trees such as in parks or gardens. Stagnant water in flower pots may be one of the favorite places of mosquitoes that can be forgotten by you.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
A person infected with the virus of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), generally show the following symptoms:
Continuous high fever. Body temperature around 39-40 degrees Celsius. This causes headaches in people.
Fever without coughing.
Stomach pain or nausea.
Body feels stiff or aching in the joints.
Appears red spots, but this does not always happen in every case.
If anyone in your family shows these symptoms, you should immediately take to the doctor to get treatment. Do not let the fever for too long because it can lead to late to help. To be more exact, you can do a blood check.
Dangers of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
There are 4 types of Dengue disease. So, someone who has been affected by dengue fever, does not mean he will not be affected by this disease because there are three other types that can cause dengue fever as well.
When exposed to dengue, a person will have three phases. The first is the phase of fever during the first 3 days. Continues on next 3 days which is a critical phase. In this phase, the fever has not occurred, but in this phase must be vigilant so as not to be fooled with the thought had healed and no treatment. Three days later the healing phase.
One of the dangers of dengue fever is considered experienced as usual so it is considered a mild fever and did not get special treatment. Moreover, in the second phase, usually fever has gone down so it is considered cured.
Treatment of DHF
There is no special medicine to cure dengue fever. So, things to do to help cure people affected by this disease are:
Give fever-reducing drugs or paracetamol.
Compress to heat is not too high. Compress should be done with warm water, not with cold water or ice. Cold water may cause shivering patient so the body gets hot.
Drinking lots of water. DHF patients will usually dehydrated, the water is very good for them. Water can also help reduce the heat. In addition to water, can also give ORS to assist the healing liquid.
Foods that are nutritious. Actually there is no dietary restrictions for patients with DHF. Provide nutritious meals so that the body becomes stronger and can fight the dengue virus. Fruits and vegetables can be very beneficial for recovery.
Drinking water guava leaf and red yeast rice can help raise the platelet.
Treatment can be done at home if conditions are not bad people, and allowed by the doctor. But, take care in maintaining them. You should also continue to consult with your doctor and do blood check every day to find out his condition. Admitted to hospital can be an option if you feel it is more secure because of medical action can be taken immediately if the patient’s condition is also possible given intravenous fluids to increase the patient.
The things that harm of dengue fever due to infection with this virus can cause blood platelets dropped to very low. Which would then cause the blood vessels become deflated, allowing blood to leak fluid into the cavities of the body and cause bleeding in the ear, nose, or skin that can lead to death.
Prevention of dengue fever
The actions that can be done to prevent it are:
Prevent mosquitoes from breeding around us. You can do a 3M is Covering water storage, drain the tub and Burying the goods unused. Mosquito larvae will develop in a puddle of water in about a week. Therefore, it prevented the possibility of objects that is where the development of these larvae such as flower pots, tin cans, old tires or other items that hold standing water, especially during the rainy season where these places can be a puddle of rain water.
Prevent mosquitoes do not bite, for example by using mosquito repellent lotion or medication.
Mennggunakan powder Abate on sewer and water reservoirs so as not to be a breeding place for mosquitoes.
Keep healthy condition. Condition of the body strong, helps the body to ward off viruses that enter so that even though exposed to mosquito bites, the virus will not develop.