Photoshop is the professional image-editing software. Professional image-editing standards for photographers, professional designers, graphics producers and Web designers, Movie Makers (Background)
Resolution: 72 ,100 or 150 ,200, 300…..
Brush Tool (B) : For painting
Brush style : option bar
Color: set foreground color
] Increase Brush Size
[ Decrease Brush Size
1) Rectangle Marquee (M): To select the rectangular area.
Options: New Selection, Add Selection, Subtract selection.
* Ctrl + D: Deselect
2) Elliptical Marquee (M): To make an elliptical selection.
Lasso tool (L): To make freehand selection.
Polygonal lasso tool (L): To draw both straight edge and freehand segments of a selection border.
Magnetic Lasso tool (L) : To snaps to the edges of defined areas in the image.
Magic Wand tool (W) : To select similarly colored area. It is color based selection tool.
Quick Selection Tool (W):
You can use the Quick Selection tool to quickly “paint” a selection using an adjustable round brush tip. As you drag, the selection expands outward and
automatically finds and follows defined edges in the image.
Spot Healing Brush tool (J):
Quickly removes blemishes and other imperfections in your photos. Brush doesn’t require you to specify a sample spot. This tool automatically get samples from around the retouched area.
Red Eye Tool(J):
The Red Eye tool removes red reflection in flash photos of people or animals, and white or green reflections in flash photos of animals.
Crop tool (C): To removing the unwanted area from file. In this command first select the
Ruler Tool (i): The Ruler tool calculates the distance between any two points in the workspace.
Slice tool (Shift+K) divides artwork into separate Web images. Or these slices are used as hotspot on a web page.
Zoom tool (Z) increases and decreases the view magnification in the illustration window.
Hand tool (H) : To moves an image within its windows. (Scrolling)
Blur Tool (R) : To blurs hard edges in an image.
Smudge tool (R) simulates the actions of dragging a finger through wet paint. The tool picks up color where the stroke begins and pushes it in the direction you drag.
Dodge Tool (O): To lightens areas in an image.
Burn Tool (O): To darkens area in an image.
Sponge Tool (O) : To change the color saturation of an area.
Horizontal Type tool (T): To create horizontal type on an image.
Horizontal Type Mask tool (T) : To create a selection in the shape of type.
Path Selection tool (A): To make shape or segment selections showing anchor points, direction lines and direction points.
Direct Selection tool (A): To select a specific layer or layers in a group to move separately.
Pen tool (P) (Option: Paths) : Pen tool draw smooth edged path. We can get perfect curves.
Add anchor point tool : To add anchor point to a shape.
Delete anchor point tool : To delete anchor point from the shape.
Convert point tool : To converts a smooth curve to a sharp curve or to a straight segment.
Rectangle tool (U): To draws rectangle.
Rounded Rectangle tool (U): To draws rounded corner rectangle.
Ellipse tool (U): To draws ellipse.
Polygon tool (U): To draws polygon.
Line tool (U): To draws Lines.
Custom Shape tool (U): In this tool there are some readymade shapes.
Clone Stamp tool (S) : (By using Alt Key) Clone stamp tool paints with a sample of an image.
Healing Brush (J): (By using Alt Key) To paints with a sample or pattern to repair imperfections in an image. It helps to make natural looking touchups.
Color Replacement tool (J) simplifies replacing specific colors in your image.
Red Eye Tool(J):
The Red Eye tool removes red eye in flash photos of people. or animals, and white or green reflections in flash photos of animals.
Patch tool (J): Patch tool repairs imperfections in a selected area of an image. Using a sample or pattern.
The blending mode specified in the options bar controls how pixels in the image are affected by a painting or editing tool. It’s helpful to think in terms of the following colors when visualizing a blending mode’s effect:
*The base color is the original color in the image.
*The blend color is the color being applied with the painting or editing tool.
*The result color is the color resulting from the blend.
Scale: To change the size of the object.
Rotate: To rotate the object
Skew: To incline (Skew) the object.
Distort: To distort the object.
Perspective: To give perspective effect of the object.
Warp: To give the curve to the selected object.
Rotate 900 CW
Rotate 900 CCW
Note tool (N) : Make notes that can be attached to an image.
Measure tool (I): To measure distance, locations and angles.
Eyedropper tool (I) : You can drop sample color in an image.
Layers (F7): Layers are always transparent. The layer palette lists all layers, layer sets, and layer effects in an image. You can accomplish many tasks-such as create, hide, display, copy, delete layers-using the buttons in the layers palette. You can access additional commands and options in the layer menu. You can move layers by linking layers together. Eye icon indicates layer is visible. By default document contains one layer.
Blending Options: Blending option is an important for giving shade or shadow to specific text or things or picture. Blending option includes drop shadow, Glow effect, Bevel & emboss, stroke, gradient overlay, pattern, color overlay & many more.
Gradient tool (G) : is gradual blend between two or more colors. Gradient tool create straight-line, radial, angle, reflected and diamond blends between colors.
Paint Bucket tool (G) : To fills similarly colored area with the foreground color.
Text Warp: You can change the shape of text.
Levels: Using Levels to set highlights, shadows, and midtones
Auto Levels: The Auto Levels command automatically adjusts the black point and white point in an image automatically
Curves: The Curves dialog box opens with the curve as a straight diagonal line. The horizontal axis of the graph represents the original intensity values of the pixels (Input levels); the vertical axis represents the new color values (Output levels).
Brightness/Contrast: You make simple adjustments to the tonal range of an image
Color Balance: To changes the overall mixture of colors in an image for generalized color correction.
Hue/Saturation: To adjust the hue, saturation, and brightness of a specific color component in an image or simultaneously adjust all the colors in an image.
Variation: You can adjust the color balance, contrast, and saturation of an image by showing you thumbnails of alternatives.
Desaturate: Converts a color image to a grayscale image in the same color mode
Replace Color: If you want to replace color in only a specific color,(you can use the Color Picker to select the replacement color) you can set the hue, saturation, and lightness of the selected areas. The mask created by the Replace Color command is temporary
Gradient Map: The Gradient Map command maps the equivalent grayscale range of an image to the colors of a specified gradient fill.
Channel Mixer: The Channel Mixer command lets you create high-quality grayscale images by choosing the percentage contribution from each color channel. Using the Channel Mixer, you can also make creative color adjustments not easily done with other color adjustment tools.
Threshold:The Threshold command converts color images to high-contrast, black-and-white images.
Image Size: To change the document size as well as resolution.
Canvas Size: To add or remove work space around an existing image. You can also use the command to crop an image by decreasing the canvas area.
Rotate Canvas: To rotate or flip an entire image. The commands do not work on individual layers or parts of layers, paths, or selection borders.
Inverse: Invert a selection so that the previously unselected part of the image is selected.
Feather: Blurs edges by building a transition boundary between the selection and its surrounding pixels. This blurring can cause some loss of detail at the edge of the selection.
You can save any selection.
You can use the selection.
Liquify filter lets you push, pull, rotate, reflect, pucker, and bloat any area of an image. The distortions you can create be subtle or drastic, which makes the Liquify command a powerful tool for retouching images as well as creating artistic effects.
Patter Maker: You create an infinite variety of patterns based on a selection or the contents of the Clipboard. Because the pattern is based on the pixels in a sample, it shares visual characteristics with the sample.
Extract: The Extract filter dialog box provides a sophisticated way to isolate a foreground object and erase its background on a layer.
Action Palette: An action is a series of commands that you play back on a single file or a batch of files. You use the actions palette to record, play, edit and delete individual actions. This palette also lets you save and load action files. In Photoshop, actions are grouped into sets—you can create new sets to better organize your actions.
New Guide: To Insert Guides (horizontal / vertical)
Lock Guide: To Lock Guides
Clear Guide: To delete Guides
Snap to: To snap the guides, slice, layers, document bonds
1) Paste Into
To paste the image into selected area.
Scale, Rotate, Skew, Distort, Perspective,
warp, flip Horizontal, flip Vertical
You can fill foreground, background color also black, white, gray & pattern.
To give the stroke(outline) to a selection
color, Location (inside, center, outside)
5) Define Brush:
You can create your own brush.
6) Define Pattern:
You can create pattern by using rectangular marquee tool.
6) Transform Selection