There are over 325 species of Aloe. Aloe is the name given to the varieties, the family is Liliacae/Aloeaceae, and others are Aloe ferox, aloe perryi, aloe barteri, and aloe barbadensis. The common and valuable ones are: Barteri (called African Aloe) and Aloe barbandensis (Aloe Vera)
Evolution: It is a native of the southern and northern Africa, brought into Greece in the 4th century BC, to China in the 10th century. AD, and Europe in the 11th century AD.
ANCIENT USES: Aloe has been in use for a very long time, its use in ancient Egypt was discovered on wall painting that showed that it was use by the ancient Egyptians to treat catarrh, a symptom of the modern day common cold. It was also used as an ingredient for embalming, in the biblical story the body of Jesus Christ was wrapped in myrrh and aloe (jhn.19.39-40)
The active ingredient are: Antraquinone, Glycosides, Aloin, most vitamins except D, Enzymes, Minerals (Calcium, selenium, chromium, manganese, potassium, zinc, copper and magnesium), Lignin, Saponins, Fatty acids, Salicylic acid, Amino acids.
Antraquinone is said to have anticancer or anti-tumor activities, it is used in inhibiting cancer cells and cells comprising tumors in vitro or in vivo.
Glycosides: the usage helps to strengthen the contraction of heart muscles, it also contains some antiviral properties. Glycosides play many roles in living organisms
Aloin: Prevents water from re-absorbing in the colon from the gastrointestinal tracts, which leads to softer stools.
Aloe Vera can be used in helping to cure cancer, heart problems, piles, eczema, kidney problems, glaucoma, dandruff, ringworm, menstrual disorders, constipation, viral infections, etc. Aloes also promotes healthy skin, its anti-inflammatory properties prevents eye bags, swellings from injuries, the antibiotics also help in prevent the spreading of germs in the body and injuries.
The use of this wonder plant cannot be over-emphasized, multinational companies like GNLC, TIANSI, etc, have a flourishing product line using Aloe Vera