Standardized intelligence tests are focused on exploration for logical skills, mathematics and language. But are these people really intelligent? Or is intelligence something broader?
You’ve probably met many people who had bookish experience but with almost no experience of life. Can we consider these people as intelligent? There are also people who have not excelled at school but experience great success in life. Why didn’t IQ Tests predict these kinds of situations?
A former “bad” boy can become a marketing genius. Is he stupid or brilliant? Is a famous scientist who can not put his private life in order really smart?
Was Picasso incompetent if he had not managed to become famous as a mathematician? Was Einstein invalid when he had not been able to become a great artist?
Which one was smarter? Are there several types of intelligence? How to define intelligence? Can it be measured? What is intelligence?
Many experts believe we must expand our ability to understand when talking about intelligence and its role in the success arena .
The psychologist Howard Gardner of Harvard University believes we must consider the variety of talents and abilities as forms of intelligence.
In his book “Structures of the Mind: Theories of Multiple Intelligence” there are seven basic forms of intelligence: verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematical, visual-spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, social-interpersonal and intra-personal.
Another psychologist, Robert Sternberg, suggests that we must take into account three types of intelligence.
- The first type is the ability to think logically and rationally and have good results at school.
- The second type of intelligence identified by Sternberg is the ability to find creative solutions to problems of everyday life.
- And finally, the third type according to Sternberg is the ability to understand people and communicate effectively with them.
A different perspective on the issue of IQ is the one that Daniel Goleman offers in his bestseller “Emotional Intelligence”. He explains why a high IQ is not necessarily a guarantee of professional success.
He believes that IQ, or emotional intelligence is an extremely important ingredient for success. The ability to well communicate with others, to be optimistic and have a motivated workforce is more important to success than the intellectual ability.
Now do you understand that intelligence is not just the score of IQ test? If we only limit intelligence solely on the mathematical reasoning or logic / language, we are risking to leave out other forms of intelligence that are equally important.
If you know your IQ level, do not think of it as a limit that defines your potential. If your score is about average, do you believe it to reflect an average success in life? If your score is above average, it will not guarantee a resounding success. In most cases, the score is nothing but an excuse for not trying hard enough.
Your IQ level is just a number. This is not something that defines you as an individual. It’s just a starting point. Remember that you also possess other qualities that may be important to your success.