Diabetes mellitus treatment is primarily aimed at controlling the blood glucose levels thereby minimizing the risks of any long-term health complications. In order to feel healthy and stable during your entire life-time you need to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Some people can successfully maintain their blood sugar levels through diet and exercise, while others need medications to keep the numbers in check. In worst cases, some people are given insulin for speed recovery. In either case, monitoring the blood sugar level is an integral part of the treatment program.
Diabetes mellitus is a typical condition in which the body does not produce adequate insulin, thus leading to various complications. Diabetes treatment should begin with a healthy diet and a regular exercise regime, as there isn’t any particular diabetes case; experts assume that genetic factors, body weight and other relevant causes are responsible for shooting up the blood glucose levels. Nonetheless, if there are certain steps that we can take for preventing the condition, why not?
Here’s how you should begin your diabetes mellitus treatment
Monitoring the Blood Glucose Levels
This is the first and the most important step to the treatment. It isn’t as overwhelming as you think, but is extremely essential for ensuring your health. Usually, the normal blood glucose range for an average adult is 80-120 mg/dL before meal and less than 180 mg/dL after meal. For the older adults this could vary up to 100-140 mg/dL before meal, and below 200 mg/dL after meal.
As the blood sugar levels are changing constantly, you should monitor from time to time to see the rise and fall in the levels and make the necessary changes during treatment.
Diabetes and Diet
Diet plays a key role in keeping the blood glucose levels down. It is actually the foods that you eat that affect the numbers. Eat in moderation and try to avoid sugar and sugary foods as much as you can. There are certain restrictions as well, which will be clarified by the doctor. Although there isn’t anything called diabetes diet, but yes there are certain restrictions to be followed.
Diabetes and Exercise
Well, more physical activity gives you normal blood glucose levels. So the more active you are the lower would be the numbers. With physical activity the sugar contained in the blood is transported to the cells and is used for producing energy, thus lowering the numbers. Aerobic exercises are more useful in this context. But you can choose different ways to be active, such as household work, gardening, walking, climbing stairs etc.
Maintaining Body Weight
Another crucial treatment for diabetes mellitus is to maintain your body weight. Diabetes is more prevalent in overweight and obese people. This is primarily because fat tends to make the cells resistant to the hormone insulin. But as you lose weight, the reverse action takes place, which means the cells become more insulin receptive. Diabetes and weight loss have been related considering that people usually tend to lose weight with diabetes. However, if that’s not the case with you, make efforts to lose weight. If you are losing weight naturally, don’t give up exercising. It is important for your health.
Apart from diet, there are several medications that can be given with a doctor’s prescription. Sulfonylurea drugs, Biguanides, Meglitinides, Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, Thiazoludinediones and other drug combinations are given as effective diabetes mellitus treatment.
Diabetes help is in your hands, help yourself!!