The potato is a tuber root that contains leucoplasts within their cells. These are just leucoplasts starch grains. When the potatoes are mashed starch grains are released and removed for potato starch. Potato starch is available as a white powder that is big enough that grains are spherical. Sometimes it can be in liquid form. Potato starch is rich in carbohydrates and contains very small amounts of fats or proteins. Phosphorus is a major mineral components of potato starch.
For the manufacture of potato starch, potatoes with high starch content are selected. Potato starch is used as a thickening agent and added to foods to increase viscosity. It is a good substitute for other thickeners such as flour, as it contains no gluten. Potato starch is also used in the manufacture of potato bread. Not only this, also used in the manufacture of certain organic products.
The facts of potato starch Nutrition
Potato starch is widely used in the preparation of noodles, chips, soups, hot dogs, sausages, baked goods, etc. Not only this, the uses of potato starch extend beyond the kitchen too! It is used in the manufacture of adhesives used in textile and paper industries. An interesting use of old potato starch in the process of development of photography for the first time by the Lumiere brothers. So, now that we are aware of the many uses of potato starch, let’s try to understand how beneficial it really is and we need to know about the nutritional value of potato starch.
If we try to analyze the nutritional value of potato starch, and then we find that a teaspoon of starch contains about 40 calories. As mentioned above, potato starch is pure carbohydrate and contains negligible amounts of dietary fiber, fats and proteins. To learn more about the nutritional value of potato starch, see the table below.
Note that the values shown in the table are with respect to 100 g of potato starch.
Amount of nutrients in grams
Dietary Fiber 0.8
Quantity minerals in milligrams
Besides, it’s good to know that every 100 g of potato starch gives 1. 505 kJ of energy which means it has a high energy content. However, potato starch is free of cholesterol, which makes it a healthy choice for breads and baked goods. Some people tend to get confused between potato starch and potato flour, and I think both are the same is not true. This is because potato starch obtained from starch cells present within the potato tuber, while the potato flour is obtained by drying the potatoes whole and then grind. The characteristic smell of the potato which is present in the potato flour differs from potato starch. In addition, potato flour is heavier than the potato starch. Starch and potato flour is preferred by people who are allergic to gluten, a protein found in wheat and wheat flour.
Potato starch has proved to be a good raw material for the manufacture of organic products as well. Along with materials such as corn starch and paper, potato starch is used for manufacturing “bioplastics”, a plastic like substance used to make bags, cutlery and lots of other useful products. Therefore, it is seen that although potato starch is not rich in nutrients, this versatile product is a favorite for many and varied uses.