Art

The Art of Fingerweaving of The Native Americans

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Unlike the loom-based weaving method, the weft and the warp strands are not sorted since all of the fibers play both roles.

Some particular designs and combinations of several colors were originally restricted to specific societies or clans only, while others were widely employed by the general population. The patterns that were created through fingerweaving methods were frequently selected for diverse designs for leg bands, belts, dresses, pants, capes, sashes, gun straps, and even shirts. For some patterns that were close to costumes, beads and feathers were interlaced into the clothes.

From the French voyagers

The French voyagers were considered fur traders in the Northern part of the United States of America and the Southern part of Canada. They adapted the designs for creating sashes and belts to show which company they belonged.

The belts they made were in fact the first weight belts so that they could add more support to their stomachs when carrying canoes or some packets of beaver pelts. These weight belts often weighed equal to six hundred pounds.

The Spanish conquistadors

The Spanish conquistadors used sashes that were fingerwoven to proclaim which specific command they’re part of. Also, the sashes are tools for recording their conquests over the Native American race.

South American styles

Opposed to what a lot say about the likeness between South American and North American patterns and designs, they are in fact much more different than similar. Their deviations from one another are far more discernible. Moreover, patterns from the North were slightly modified with some additional weft strands.

Basic weaves

Up to now, the weave that’s most generally used is the diagonal weave. People and several manufacturers like this certain weave since it creates a terrific series of parallel lines that run down the whole length of the weave in a slanting direction. It doesn’t matter if the seamstress begins weaving from the left side or the right side. But the seamstress must pay very close attention in keeping up the same direction. Even a small change in direction can alter the general look of the pattern.

Loom weaving

In loom weaving, a seamstress begins using an even amount of warp strands, but making a point that there are no weft strands. The warp strands must be split up into two groups, a bottom row and the top row. The seamstress can go with the top left or the top right strand and run the strand from the top to the bottom or the other way around in keeping the strands in the very same order. Through this method, an interlocked row can be created.

For the next line of the pattern, the new top left or top right warp strand must be tucked between the top and the bottom rows, which creates a new weft strand. The top and the bottom rows should be interlinked till the whole desired length is completed.

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