Men always made and loved gardens. The Bible story that when God made the first man and woman, Adam and Eve, He put them into a beautiful garden He hade made in Eden, to look after it. So the first man was a grander. But they lost their beautiful garden, because they disobeyed God by eating the fruit of a tree that He had told them not to touch. Whether this is true or not, men have loved gardens from the earliest times.
The ancient Egyptian, who lived thousands of years ago, was very fond of gardens, and the nobles always laid out fine gardens round their houses. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, made the famous `hanging gardens; of Babylon. Hafiz and Sadi wrote poems about the Persian gardens, with their roses and bulbuls. And the Moghals made many fine gardens in India, some of which still remain, like Shalimar Bagh in Kashmir.
The English are very fond of gardens, and every Englishman will sooner or later make a garden about his house wherever he lives, if only he can get a bit of land. The great noblemen’s houses in England are set in the midst of the fine park and gardens of flowers and vegetables, of which they take great care.
Gardens are kept for use and pleasure. In what is called the `kitchen –garden,’ vegetables for the house are grown, such as potatoes, cabbages, cauliflowers, peas, beans, trips, and many more. In the orchard, or fruit-garden, fruit trees grow, such as apples, pears, plums, goose-berries, etc. the pleasure gardens are filled with smooth grass lawns and beds of beautiful and sweet-smelling flowers. Here one can rest and read and chat with friends, with beauty all round.
Gardening is healthy and interesting hobby. It gives open air exercise. The study of the habits of plants and the constant watching of beautiful things, refine and soothe the mind.
The banyan tree is loved worshipped. A banyan tree is grove favorite spot in villages for the young and the old alike. It is here that the elder of the village meet and discuss their day-to-day problems. Teachers hold open-air classes under its spreading branches. Special prayers are offered to the tree on special days. Garlands are tied to the branches as prayer offerings.
Besides providing shade, food and shelter, every part of the banyan tree is of medicinal value. Its figs, when they ripen, are a great favorite with birds and bats, alike. Its wood is used for making cheap furniture. Rope is made from the fiber taken from its bark and aerial roots. Even the dried leaves come in handy as plates.