When you mix sound tracks you can do so in a couple of ways, one is to mix inside your DAW (digital audio workstation) and the other is to deal with an analogue mixer. Inside your DAW you conventionally have all the controls of a large mixing device in virtual form. So on the sound mixing board page within the Digital audio workstation you will see alternatives for routing, equalization, auxilary sends and insert points. Choose quality music mixers.
Routing permits you to send a signal within your sound mixing board (whether analogue or digital) to a bus. A bus is a signal way where you can direct any quantity of channels. It is widespread to use busses to make groups of instruments so they can be managed on 1 fader without changing their relative balance. Equalizer permits you to shape the tone of a sound such as adding bass, cutting or adding high frequencies and mainly tailoring the sound to get it how you like it. Auxilary sends are discrete outputs which let you to “send” the signal to an external or internal location such as an effects processor (i. e. reverb). Moreover, channels have insert points, these are great for processors where the complete signal requires to pass through the device and back. (such as compressors).
Whether you are running in a digital way or with an analogue unit the sound board does the same job. In the beginning they can be daunting as there can be 100’s of knobs to control audio. Nonetheless once you realize the controls on 1 channel, all other channels will work the same, the only dissimilarity will be how each channel is directed.
There has been huge argument about digital and analogue mixing and how it intuitively sounds. Additionally some sound engineers prefer to have a physical mixing board to send and control signals. Analogue has a long history in sound engineering and a lot of hit records have been made on such consoles. Analogue has been stated as giving a “warm” sound and digital has been labelled “sterile.”
At the same time as there is some truth in this, it is determined by how you work with your mixing console, the dissimilarities have narrowed as digital audio has improved. I have personally heard great mixes on both analogue and digital mixers but there is a type of familiarity and special sound from an analogue sound board. These views can also be extended to web-based mastering studios where individuals constantly seek mastering studios that are using high end analogue outlets to add some acoustic appeal to sounds in the mastering stage.
There is a hybrid way of working which utilizes a computer to mix with and a “summing amplifier” which is like a sound mixing board with no faders. It just has numerous signal paths (like stripped down sound board channels) which are fixed (routed) to a stereo output bus and allows the signals to be blended jointly outside the Digital audio workstation (assuming there are enough outputs on the sound interface of the Digital audio workstation).