What is Foreclosure

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Foreclosureisbasicallyalegalprocessbywhichalenderwhocanbeabank,mortgagecompany,etc.takesahomeowner’spropertyandrecoverstheirmoney, theyloaned,afterthepropertyownerstopspayingthemortgage.In the worstcasescenario,attheendoftheredemptionperiodthehomeownercanlosethepaidmoneyandalltherightsheorshehadontheproperty.Initially,accordingtolaw,oncethebuyerstopspayingmortgageinstallments.Thecompleteownershipofthepropertyusedtogointhehandsofthelender.However,inthelastfewyearsthelawchangedonthis,nowtheygiveenoughpossibletimetoabuyertopaybackmortgagebeforehandingtheirpropertytolender.InUnitedStates,thebasicforeclosurelawisthesamebutdifferentstateshave differentvariationslikeinMassachusettsForeclosuredoesnotinvolveanycourtorder,oncealoanisdefaultpropertyautomaticallygoestolender.

Basically,theprocessstartswhenthebuyerstopspayingmortgageinstallmentsonscheduledtimeforanypossiblereason.TheLenderfilesa“publicdefaultnotice.”Nowthisprocessendsupineitheroffourways.First,thebuyerpaysthelendertheamountdueor  thebuyersellshispropertyandpaysthe amountdue,or they  auction  of  theproperty, andthe final option isthattheLendertakesownershipofthatpropertywithawrittencontractandsellsitintheopenmarket.

TherearemanytypesofforeclosurebutinUnitedStatestwoaremainlyused.Oneis“foreclosurebyjudicialsale.”Inthistypesaleofthepropertyisdoneunderthesupervisionofcourt,theamountreceivedas a result ofthe salefirstsatisfiesthemortgagethanotherlienholdersandfinallyrestsofthemoneygoestoamortgager.TheSecondtypeis“foreclosurebypowerofsale,”itinvolvesthesaleofthepropertybythelender,inthiscasewithoutthesupervisionofcourt.However,themoneygoesthesameway,firsttothemortgage,thenthelienholderand lasttothemortgager.

Overallthemostimportantthingtokeepinmindisthatforeclosureisalegalmatterwhichshouldbetakenveryseriously,inordertokeepowningtheproperty.Thecorrect stepsshouldbetakenatarighttime,otherwisethepropertyautomaticallygoestolender.

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