Avocado is native to Central America. It is a fruit belonging to the genus Persea in the Lauraceae family. It was once considered to be the ‘King of Fruits’ and was consumed only by the royal clan. The plant bears yellow green flowers. The Avocado fruit is pear shaped. Because of its shape its sometimes called ‘Avocado Pear’. Avocado is tropical plant and cannot withstand very cold temperatures.
The fruit is high in fat content than another fruit. The fat that is present in the fruit is monounsaturated fat. The fruit is also rich in potassium content. The fruit is also a good source of vitamins A, B1, D, E, K & B. The fruit is also said to cure the blood cholesterol levels. It also contains amino acids, lecithin and other fatty acids. It is useful for people suffering from skin problems. The Avocado oil is useful in treating skin orders like Eczema and Psoriasis. The oil is deep olive green in color and has a sweet nutty aroma. It is a good skin nourisher and makes the skin glow. Avocados have a delicate flavor and a smooth, creamy consistency which makes them a perfect food for babies. Compare to any other vegetables such as carrots, spinach, or fruits, just a slice of avocado improves your body’s ability to absorb arytenoids. Avocadoes have medicinal qualities as well. They are used in alternative medicine to treat arthritis, high cholesterol, and gum disease.
Avocado flesh also gets oxidised on exposure to air like the apples and pears. To prevent oxidation lemon juice can be smeared on the pulp. Its used in preparation of sandwiches, spreads, dips and rolls. It can also be combined with chicken preparations. The pulp has a pleasing taste and is creamy in consistency. Avocado is widely used in salad dressing and milk shake preparations. The Jamaican islands specialty is the milk shake. The simplest way is just slice the avocado and place ham and mayonnaise to make a bread sandwich. Avoid keeping the avocado fruit as is in the freezer. Avocados are always eaten raw because heating can cause them to become bitter. They can be added to cooked dishes just before serving. Avocado is most commonly used to make the Mexican dip called guacamole, a mixture of mashed avocado, lime juice, tomatoes, and hot peppers.
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