Sleep deprivation leads to a large number of health problems. These include performance decline, obesity, heart disease, neurodegenerative disorders and cancer. Though there are many reasons for loss of sleep, some are more common.
This is one of the major contributory factors. Worry and stress are like cousins. They go together. When you are worried, you are under stress. When a person is under stress, it is very difficult to go to sleep. You may be in the bed, but a restless brain would never allow you to go to sleep. Most of the problems arise because people tend to bring problems from the workplace to home. One should learn to differentiate between office and home. What had happened at office should be left there when coming home.
This is a condition where people stop breathing for a few seconds. Sleep apnea is generally classified into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea usually occurs in individuals who are having low muscle tone. It may also occur due to the presence of soft tissue around the airways. This normally occurs when people are overweight or, obese. OSA is more common in men and is more frequently seen in older people. The risk for OSA increases with increase in body weight. Diabetics also run increased risk for OSA. The common symptoms are loud snoring, restless sleep and day time sleepiness. Effective lifestyle changes may help. Changes in posture while sleeping may also help out. Central sleep apnea may be due to imbalances in the respiratory control systems in the brain. Occasionally, it may a combination of OSA and central sleep apnea.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
This is a neurological disorder and creates an urge to move different parts of the body, particularly the legs. The symptoms are worse in the evening and at night. Even while sleeping, thousands of bolts go from the brain to the legs which cause the legs to move in a jerky manner and the whole thing is involuntary without the individual being aware of these movements when he is asleep. These movements cause a disturbance in the sleep patterns. RLS increases day time sleepiness. RLS usually starts before the age of 45 and lasts for a lifetime. What causes RLS is not clear and no proved treatment is available.