The flaws include:
1. Too much theory
The Indian education system literally survives on merely theory. From Kindergarten to universities, all the emphasis is on theory. Students are just given a lot of books, notes and literature. Of course, in any subject, in any education system, theory is the backbone of it all. But nowhere will you find a system where the only thing taught to you is theory.
Too much of theory is nothing but spoon-feeding and when you are spoon-fed, you learn absolutely nothing.
2. Lack of practicality
A hands-on approach is an alien term to the Indian education system. There is very little scope for practicality. Even the so-called practical elements are mainly for namesake and is not done in detail. The lack of practicality is a problem because without practicality, the student learns absolutely nothing. The student is unable to grasp concepts due to lack of experience. The student loses interest in that particular subject and will find education an absolute waste of time. That is detrimental to the building up of the workforce.
3. Bookish approach
The Indian education system thrives on a bookish approach. That is a flaw because it discourages students to think out of the box. The students are psychologically used to the fact that the book is right and whatever outside is wrong. This approach has been used for not just years, but generations. The bookish approach indeed is a big problem to the Indian education system and this approach needs to be changed. When confronted with a situation outside the textbook, the student is likely to be scared and would rather choose to abandon the problem than face it.
4. No element of individual thinking
The bookish approach of the Indian education system allows absolutely no room for a person to have his own interpretation of the situation and the problem. The system makes the student reliant on textbooks for everything. The textbook becomes his source of knowledge, whether or not the facts are true or not. If questions are asked, you are never told to have an individual assessment. You are not allowed to think on your own. You are not allowed to disagree on facts, or debate it and validate it.
The Indian education system wants the student to know what they want them to learn. From this, it is clear that nobody learns much. The Indian education system may glorify something and completely ignore something else. That is not the way to go. Individual thinking must be encouraged. It allows them to be much better citizens of the country and are more involved.
5. No flexibility
The Indian education system is extremely rigid and has very little room for change. Even the talk of reforms comes after really long gaps. If you notice, the reforms are very slow and any change takes a really long time in order to take place. The syllabus, just like the structure takes a long time to change as well. Syllabi needs to be constantly upgraded, but that is not being done. It is very common for parents to notice that the child has undergone the exact same pattern of education, including sometimes even the syllabus that they have.
Flexibility and the ability to change whenever needed is the only way India can have a good education pattern. Change is needed in order to fix whatever is wrong in the system. Changes needed to be made in accordance to time so that the needs of the present as well as the future is secured. That is what most countries do and India should do it as well.
6. Horrible examination pattern
The pattern of examinations in India is tailored to suit people who have photographic memory and those who have the capacity to mug up theory well. The examination forces you to just rote-learn the whole theory you have and just reproduce it during the exam. Most of the syllabus you learn, never stays for more than a year after that. Sometimes, it is forgotten even earlier.
In some parts of India, the examinations are held in such a way that the more you write, the more marks you get. There are times when the examiners don’t even read your answers. So however hard you study for an exam, you stand to lose because you weren’t able to make your answer long enough. On the other hand, it gives students a message that whatever they do, nothing will happen to them as long as they write all the rubbish they know and make it long. Sometimes, students write things which may not even be relevant to the topic and yet gain top marks.
This gives the wrong message and it erodes the education system in India.
These are the fundamental flaws which needs to be fixed fast.
Copyright © 2011 AshwathKomath