Sunburn First Aid Basics

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An emergency situation might not present as bad as we expect it to be. But that does not imply we should neglect it altogether. Take sunburn for instance. Having as little as 15 minutes of unprotected exposure to the sun, anybody can get sunburn. But because symptoms like red skin and pain won’t develop till two to six hours after the exposure, we can readily ignore it. What are the signs of sunburn? How do we avoid sunburn then? What are the methods to treat sunburn?

Signs

A sunburn is essentially a burn, just like the burns made by hot stove, a curling iron, or hot iron, that is induced by over-exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation.

Sunburns are oftentimes first-degree burns that can make the skin to be red and painful. Peeling of the skin begins a day later the sunburn is gained. If sunburns are grave and affect both the outer layer and the underlying layer of the skin, it is regarded as second-degree burn. In this case, swelling up and blisters could develop on the affected area. Third-degree burns are exceedingly rare.

Prevention

Take some protection. It seems like a no-brainer but the reason why individuals get sunburns is that they just stay under the sun having no protection. Thus, before setting out in the sun, put on sunscreen to the exposed parts of your body.

When recovering from sunburn, avoid worsening the condition by taking a hot bath or showers. Be mindful when exposing the skin to the sun.

First Aid Treatment

Simply get out of the sun. Once more, it seems like a no-brainer but the truth is, a lot of people dismiss the basic fact that a mild sunburn can quickly become a severe one. Extended exposure to the sun even if the apparent signs of first degree burn are existing might lead to blistering second-degree burns. So when you think that you have mild sunburn and do not want to undergo second-degree burn, get out of the sun.

Keep your skin cool by getting a cold bath or a shower. This offers soothing, but temporary relief. This also is true if you experience first-degree burns from other reasons.

The human body gets the best way of warning others including yourself, that a certain part of the body shouldn’t be touched. Redness of the skin works like a cordon in a crime scene and pain tells that the part must not be touched. But if the pain is unendurable, a pain reliever may come in handy.

Aloe Vera can give a soothing relief. The stem of the plant contains the natural gel that can be used when needed. But when you need it now, you can buy an aloe gel at any drugstore. Putting on moisturizer on a regular basis can prevent itching.

Keep your skin hydrated by drinking greater than your daily water requirement.

Minor burns will typically heal in 2 to 7 days. But if the burn is serious, it is important to seek for expert treatment, particularly if there is an multiplied, redness, swelling, pain, or drainage. Keep in mind, first aid treatments and home remedies must never be substituted with professional treatment.

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