Alexander Graham Bell – A Biography

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lexander Graham Bell was a scientist, invetor and an engineer. He invented telephone. He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 3, 1847. He had two brothers. His father was a professor. Bell displayed a great sense of curiosity even as a child. 

Bell received his early schooling at home from his father. Later on he was enrolled at the Royal High School, Edinburgh. His grades were very bad at school. He left the school when he was 15 years. He moved to London to live with his grandfather. 

Bell joined Weston House Academy as a pupil-teacher of elocution and music. Later he attended University of Edinburgh. In the year 1868, he moved to Canada with his family. There the family purchased a farm at TutelaHeights near Brantford, Ontario. Bell set up a workshop here and used work for long hours. 

Alexander Graham Bell’s mother and wife were deaf. This fact is believed to have had a great influence on his work. His research on hearing devices led to the invention of telephone. He was awarded the US patent for the telephone in the year 1876. He was a voracious reader of Encyclopedia Britannica. He used to search its pages for new areas of interest. He invented metal detector in the year 1881. 

Alexander Graham Bell’s contributions to aeronautics, hydrofoils and optical telecommunications are immense. He also loved art, poetry and music. He mastered the piano without formal training! He was atelented ventriloquist. He used to entertain family guests with this talent. 

Bell translated the unwritten vocabulary of the Mohawk language into visible speech symbols. He was awarded with the title of the honorary chief of the tribe for this contribution. He served as a professor of Vocal Physiology and Elocution at the Boston University School of Oratory. During this period he spent summers in Canada. 

Bell established the Bell Telephone Company in the year 1877. He married Mabel Hubbard in the same year. His wedding gift to his wife was 1487 of the 1497 shares of his new company. The couple had a year long honeymoon in Europe. They had four children. 

This pioneer in the field of telecommunications died due to diabetic complications in the year 1922. He was a naturalized citizen of the US. All the three countries where he lived (Scotland, Canada and the US) claim him as their “native son”. In the year 1940, a stamp bearing his image was issued by the US Post Office as a mark of honor. 


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