Learning the English language is not an easy task. But many people try to do it and most of them have success. It is much easier to learn new words if you connect them with situations,stories,games. It is not always necessary to use the rules for learn the new vocabulary. There are some examples that are interesting and hopefully useful for all who learn this language
English is an unusual language in the Indo-European family because it really comes from three different languages: German, Old Norse and French. The English tribes first came to Britain in the 5th century. They spoke a kind of German. So most of the ordinary words of English come from German, for example, “man”, “ house”, “and”, ”summer”.
Later,tribes from Scandinavia attacked Britain. These Vikings, as they were called, brought many Norwegian words into the English language. The words “get”, “knife” and words beginning with “sk” –sky, skate, sketch come from Norwegian.
The biggest change in the language came in 1066. The Normans, whose language was French, conquered Britain. They brought words like “language”, “parliament”, “hotel” and “example” into English. English has borrowed words from other European languages, too: ‘guitar’ from Spanish, ‘bank’ from Italian, ‘robot’ from Czech. In science there are a lot of words from Greek, like ‘helicopter’ and ‘drama’ and from Latin, like ‘temperature’.
English has also taken words from countries further away. ‘Pyjamas’ and ‘bungalow’ come from Indian languages. ‘Tea’ comes from Chinese. ‘Coffee‘ and ‘sugar’ come from Arabic. English has been a great borrower of words. Today a lot of languages borrow words from English.
There are many stories about the origin of different words.
The story of the word daisy is really very interesting. Long ago in a language which we call Old English or Anglo-Saxon, the daisy was called a daeges eage. Later on, as Old English gradually changed into Modern English, the name changed to day`s eye.
It is easy to understand why it was given this name. The daisy has a bright yellow “eye’ in the center of its flower. As it gets dark every evening, the white petals fold over and close this eye. Next morning as the sun rises the petals unfold, and the eye is open again. Because the eye is open only during the day, the Anglo-Saxons very sensibly called it the daeges eage or day`s eye. Much later day`s eye was changed to daisy. And so it remained ever since