Summer is on. Shining sun and the bright and cheerful world invite you for entertaining activities. Summer is the season you go out in the open after the dark winter and slowly blossoming spring. It is the season you go for a walk outside in the sunshine, you enjoy playing sports outside, and most of you just lie in the sun at the beach. But you may not be aware that the rays of the sun can take their toll on your skin, perhaps even inviting skin cancer. Hence, summer is also a time to check out your skin for any signs of damage, or worse, cancer.
Statistics state that skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States and more than one million skin cancers are diagnosed each year. One-in-five Americans is expected to develop skin cancer over the course of a lifetime.
The shining sun can damage your skin
Dr. Andrew Alexis, head of the Skin of Color Department at St. Luke’s/Roosevelt Hospital in Manhattan, points out about the different kinds of damage the sun can do for you, what you should look for on your skin, and how to protect yourself from the potentially fatal dangers of the sun. He also points out how people with dark complexions are far from immune to getting skin cancer from exposure to the sun.
Three basic types of skin cancer
According to Dr. Alexis, there are three basic types of skin cancer. They are melanoma, the most dangerous and deadly, basal cell carcinoma, commonly found among Americans and squamous cell carcinoma, another form of skin cancer also found common but less than carcinoma.
Ultraviolet rays the villain causing skin cancer
It is stated that about 90-percent of skin cancers other than melanoma are associated with exposure to radiation from the sun caused by the ultraviolet (UV) rays. Maximum part of the visible changes commonly attributed to aging is caused by the rays of the sun.
The fatal type of cancer Melanoma
It is shocking that the incidence of Melanoma is increasing faster than that of almost any other cancer. It causes more danger to the Americans since more than 20 Americans die each day from this type of skin cancer. It is fatal even from childhood since an incidence of blistering sunburn in childhood or adolescence can cause a person’s changes of developing melanoma later in life.
Other types of skin cancers
Basal cell carcinoma is the most commonly found. It has the best prognosis and it is not as dangerous as melanoma. It can easily be treated when it is limited to the skin and soft tissue, and does not spread to other organs in the body. If it is not treated in the beginning stage, it can advance and invade surrounding tissues. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most prevalent form of skin cancer found in Caucasians and other races.
Prevent skin cancer
Adapt certain preventive methods to protect yourself from skin cancer. Using high-strength sunscreens and retinol containing face and body creams can protect you from the danger of skin cancer.
1) It does not mean that you should spend all your time indoors. Sure, you must feel free to enjoy the outdoor activities you love while the weather is good. But you must limit your time in the sun and be protecting yourself from direct exposure to sunlight while you are out there.
2) Whenever you go out in summer, protect your skin by putting on sunscreen before you leave your home every day and try to avoid your errands around the peak sun hours.
3) Protect yourself from broad-spectrum sunscreens. Broad-spectrum screen means protection against UVA and UVB rays. A number of products that contain Retinol are available over-the-counter.
4) Do not hesitate to examine your skin periodically, and know the condition of your skin.