Bipolar Disorder, a condition that affects at least 1 percent of the population, is on the rise. The disorder develops typically in adults that are 20 to 30 years of age. However, Bipolar Disorder can develop at any age. While the person with Bipolar Disorder may experience various types of mood swings, there are two prominent mood changes that will develop in the individual.
Mania is the first type of mood change that is associated with Bipolar Disorder that is characterized as an elated, or heightened, mood. A person that is experiencing mania will experience several abnormal symptoms. First of all, the individual will find themselves becoming more involved in high-risk activities and being more productive and work or other activities and in social situation. They will feel distracted and may have an increased sex drive. Feeling irritable and grandeur with an increased feeling of self-esteem is common in mania. Thoughts and ideas will seem to race through the persons mind, making it hard to concentrate. They may talk abnormally fast and more than they normally would.
Depression, a low mood, is the next kind of significant mood change in those who suffer from bipolar disorder. Someone suffering from depression will find themselves having prolonged feelings of helplessness, apathy, and helplessness that lasts for more than two weeks. Daily activities, especially ones that are enjoyable, will seem less appealing to the person with depression. Appetite changes is common in those suffering from depression, whether an increase or a decrease. Weight gain or weight loss will also follow the correlating appetite change. Agitation and anxiety are closely linked with depression and are prominent symptoms. The person may feel that they are having problems thinking or concentrating as well. Lastly, like with appetite, sleep patterns may also be affected, whether an increase or a decrease in sleeping.
Once the disorder has developed, it will not go away because it is a lifelong disorder. With proper medications and careful observation, Bipolar Disorder can be well controlled so that the person can continue to have a normal life. Treatment will depend on whether the individual is suffering from Mania or Depression. Mania can be controlled with Lithium or Divalproex Sodium. Hospitalization may be needed during severe episodes. Depression can be controlled with antidepressant drugs or psychotherapy.