Spring is known for its allergies. But they persist to continue in summer also added with the heat of the sun, humidity, and air pollution of summer.
Reasons for summer allergies
The allergies of spring continue in summer also. The main trigger of summer allergy is as usual pollen. Tiny grains released into the air by trees, grasses, and weeds. When people happen to inhale air with pollen they get nose irritation and catch cold of flu. The pollens are misunderstood by the body immune system as foreign invaders. The body immune system, by mistake, releases antibodies, substances that normally recognize bacteria, viruses, and other disease-causing organisms. They attack the allergens leads to the release of chemicals called histamines. Histamines cause runny nose, itchy eyes, and other symptoms summer allergy.
1) Pollens the dangerous allergy agents
Allergy pollen can travel for quite a long distance, causing allergy to the easy victims. If the pollen count is higher the risk of allergy becomes greater. The pollen count can be known through the weather forecast. Trees start pollinating by late spring and spread pollens everywhere. Grasses and weeds such as ragweed also grow in the spring and become the biggest contributors to summer allergies.
2) Ozone causes pollution in the air
Another common pollution is caused in the air by ozone. Ozone is created in the atmosphere by a combination of sunlight, nitrogen oxide, and hydrocarbons that comes out from burning fuel. Stronger sunlight and calmer winds during the summer months can easily create clouds of ozone in the atmosphere, especially in and around busy cities. This ozone and other pollutants trigger allergies and worsen symptoms of diseases such as asthma.
3) Insects and other creatures cause allergic reactions in some people. Summer is the season for their active movement and they carry allergens. They also cause allergic conditions through their stings and biting. Sometimes the stings of wasps, bees and other insects are quite dangerous. Dust on animal hairs and bird feathers also can spread allergens and cause similar symptoms.
4) Indoor allergens
Summer allergies are caused not only by the allergens outside but also they are found inside the house. Molds in damp areas of homes, including the basement and bathrooms, flourish in summer and send their spores into the air, causing problems for allergy sufferers. Dust mites and other microscopic allergens easily thrive in the warmth of summer and spread allergies.
Common summer allergy symptoms
Summer allergy symptoms commonly found in summer allergies are: runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing, coughing, and itchy eyes. Some people experience an itchy and swollen throat when they eat banana, cucumber, melon, or certain fruits and vegetables. Asthmatic people suffer from airborne allergens which trigger their asthma, worsening their condition, blocking their breathing.
Some tips to tackle summer allergies
1) Prevention is always better by taking precautionary measures to escape the allergy triggers around you. Though it is difficult to avoid allergens completely, you can protect yourself from spread of allergens when you contact people with allergies. Protect yourself when they are others are sniffling, sneezing, and have watery eyes.
2) When reports say the pollen count is high try to stay indoors. Usually it is at peak in the mornings.
3) An air purifier can be used at home and the doors and windows can be kept closed whenever possible during the summer months to keep allergens out. The air filters also should be free from allergens.
4) Washing your bedding and rugs in hot water frequently can eliminate dust mites and other allergens.
5) Whenever you go outside, there are possibilities to collect pollens on your hair and dress. Wash well when you return home. Vacuum cleaning at least once a week, wearing a mask while doing vacuum, and keeping in and around the house dust-free are some good precautions in summer.