History of Ukir Jepara

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Ukir has become the idiom of this city and  there is no other city in Indonesia commensurate with the Jepara furniture industry of carving. But  to this stage, Jepara has been treading a very long journey. Since the golden age Hindu kingdoms in Central Java, Jepara has been known as a port north coast Java, which also serves as a gateway between the Kingdom of Java with China and India. 

Likewise, during the first Islamic kingdom in Demak, Jepara is set as north port and trading center as well as a fleet base war. In historical records the development of ukir,  can not be separated from the role of Queen Kalinyamat (grandson of Raden Patah, First King of Demak ). In her reign in Jepara, she had an assistant named Sungging Badarduwung which comes from Campa (now in the territory of Cambodia). He was in fact a carving expert who volunteered to teach their skills to the people of Jepara. One of the proofs that we can still see until now that is the stone carving ornaments in Mantingan Mosque, Jepara. 

To support the development of Ukir Jepara in 1929 the idea of some indigenous people to establish a vocational school. On July 1, 1929, carpentry schools with furniture and sculpture department was opened under the name “openbare Ambachtsschool “which later evolved into the State Technical School and then to be High School Craft Industry Affairs. With the existence of these vocational schools, furniture and carvings increasingly widespread in community and more children enter these schools to get proficiency in the field of furniture and sculpture. 

In this school taught a variety of design motifs Indonesian Ukir which was originally not known by the people of Jepara. The figures in the development of motifs through this educational institution is Raden Ngabehi Projo Sukemi who develop Majapahit motifs and Pajajaran motifs also Raden Ngabehi Wignjopangukir who develop Pajajaran motifs and Balinese motifs. 

To improve the quality of human resources, conducted through Secondary School Education Handicraft Industry Affairs and Technology Academy Timber and Non-Formal Education through courses and exercises. By improving the quality of human resources is expected not only to boost product quality, but also accelerate the ability of the craftsmen and entrepreneurs from Jepara to see market opportunities.


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