And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, “Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.”
And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. And he said unto them, “Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables: That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.” And he said unto them, “Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables? The sower soweth the word. And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts. And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word’s sake, immediately they are offended. And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.”
The parable of the sower (one who preaches or teaches the word of God) represented a distinct doctrine of Jesus Christ. He clearly understood how and why the seed of the word was sometimes fruitful and sometimes not. Conditions along the wayside, stones in the ground, and the thorns each had the distinct effect of limiting or preventing the growth of the seed. A large percentage of men’s hearts are hostile to the word (the seed). Only good ground (the nurturing heart) allowed the word to be fruitful.
Using a parable, Jesus illustrated things that stymie or prevent the word of God from growing or becoming fruitful. Fowls came and devoured the seed (Satan stole the word from their hearts). Heat and stony ground killed the new growth (Hardships cause men to lose the faith). Thorns choked the growth (Worldly cares, riches, lusts, etc.). But those who hear the word and receive it are fruitful.
Jesus only explains out the specific meanings of His words to His people and disciples, for they have the eyes to see His truth (in His light we see the light; again the wise man’s eyes are in his head, but the fool walks in the darkness). Out of all those that hear the word, only a few have their hearts prepared to recieve and act upon the word. Even less will faithfully bring forth fruits (spiritual works) unto perfection or until the end; some thirtyfold, sixtyfold and hundredfold (we all are commanded to serve God wth our all).