Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply destroying tissues and organs of the body. Cancer is classified into different categories, which are determined by the area of the body where they have developed abnormal cells. Here is a list of the most common types of cancer.
Skin cancer – in this case the cancer cells grow and develop in the skin.
There are 3 types of skin cancer:.
The basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that occurs on areas most exposed to the sun, face, arms and legs. People with fair skin, who can not tan easily, is at risk.
Does not lead to death but to be treated immediately.
Symptoms appear as small nodules increased in size slowly, often hard to touch.
The squamous cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that usually develops on sun-exposed areas. It can reach other parts of the body. Most cases of this cancer is curable if detected in a primary stage.
Symptoms appear as a small reddish area, sometimes scaly, increases its size up to look like a wart
Malignant melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer and can be fatal if not treated, it can spread to other organs, particularly liver, lungs, bones and brain.Commonly occurs in women on the arms and legs, while men tend to develop on the back
Symptoms in the home that become visibly changing color and size.
These are treatable but the cancer may worsen when you have spread to other organs of the body. Exposure to excessive amounts of sun’s ultraviolet rays can cause skin cancer, so it is better to apply sunscreen with SPF 45 or higher.
LUNG CANCER – This is the cancer that spreads to the lungs, causing death in those who are diagnosed with the disease. Major cause of this type of cancer and air pollution and smoking. There are two basic types of lung cancer:
The non-small cell lung cancer is the most common between the two and generally grows and spreads more slowly.
Small cell lung cancer, sometimes referred to as cell carcinoma oat, is less common, growing faster and is more likely to spread to other organs.
Each type of cancer develops in different ways, thus requiring different treatments.
SYMPTOMS Symptoms are not always very precise to be associated with a tumor.Often appears febbriciattola night, dry cough, phlegm with blood, weight loss.
Prostrate CANCER – This develops in the prostate gland of men, which is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. This can be cured when detected as soon begins to spread. One of the main risk factors for prostate cancer is age: the chance of becoming ill are very low before age 40, but increase significantly after age 50
SYMPTOMS In the early stages often do not develop symptoms. Only when the glands increase in volume, they have difficulty in urinating, little and often painful, with the presence of blood.
BREAST CANCER – This is the most common cancer that affects women more, but can also affect men. May be present in a non-invasive, that does not spread into surrounding tissues, whether invasive, can spread to other organs. The women most at risk are those who have had their first child after age 30, early menarche, late menopause, fibrocystic mastopathy or prolonged estrogen therapy.
Symptoms occur initially with a nodular mass, and still small, usually painless. The woman can identify it with a simple self-examination of the breast. More rarely there may be changes in the nipple, skin changes, or the shape of the breast.
Gastrointestinal cancer – is developed in the digestive system, which includes the esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, stomach, small intestine and large intestine and rectum. Tumors of the colon and rectum are the most common. There are several factors that cause this type of cancer because organizations are included. In particular, it is important to the elderly, for stomach, liver, intestines, greatly affect eating habits, alcohol abuse, smoking.
SYMPTOMS Although the symptoms are different depending on the affected organ, with regard to the stomach symptoms are similar to those of an ulcer, nausea, difficulty in digestion, heartburn. The liver, initially presents no symptoms and pain, weight loss, vomiting, fever. The colon, asymptomatic par excellence, may have blood in stool, not visible to the naked eye, that’s why we recommend annual checks after age 50.
KIDNEY AND BLADDER CANCER – These are cancers of the urinary system. In recent years there have been more cases of bladder cancer than to the kidney.Smoke carcinogens, alcohol are the main causes.
Symptoms are blood in urine, back pain, difficulty urinating or involuntary loss of urine.
LYMPHOMA – This is a cancer causing destruction of white blood cells in the immune system. Usually starts in lymph nodes that are located in different parts of the body like the neck, armpits, groin, intestines, breast and skin. You can also start directly from the bone marrow, but in very rare cases. We do not know exactly the cause.
Symptoms of neck lymph nodes swollen armpits, groin, and in some cases, fatigue, fever, chills, night sweats, weight loss and generalized itching.
Leukemia – This type of cancer develops in the blood-forming tissues such as bone marrow. It is diagnosed significantly more often in children than in adults. The cause of most leukemias is not known.
SYMPTOMS weakness, pallor, bone pain and enlarged spleen and liver, anemia and susceptibility to infection.
Gynecologic cancer – is developed in the reproductive organs of women as the cervix with the appearance of persistent vaginal discharge or bleeding more or less conspicuous between menstruation and the other, fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries with the appearance of heaviness or tension, abdomen swelling, bloating and frequent urination and vagina. With increasing age was more likely to have this type of tumor.
Pancreatic cancer and thyroid – These two bodies are mandated to regulate the body’s hormones, and cancer in these organs affects the body processes. Pancreatic cancer is more common in men while the thyroid is more common in women.
SYMPTOMS With regard to the pancreas, the most common symptoms were jaundice, itching or vomiting.
Regarding the thyroid, a nodule usually appears isolated within the gland, hard and painless.
There are many other types of cancer because there are many organs and tissues in which tumor cells can grow. To prevent cancer are of great help, a healthy lifestyle (proper diet, small amounts of alcohol, no smoking) and a periodic check-ups to detect early stages of cancer and receive treatment before the cells cancer spread to different parts of the body.