The Titles And Name of God

The Name Jesus

When the fulness of time came, God did satisfy the longings of His people and revealed Himself in all His power and glory through the name Jesus. Jesus is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew name variously rendered as Jehoshua (Numbers 13:16), Jeshua (Ezra 2:2), or Joshua (Exodus 17:9). Both Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 show that Jesus is the same name as Joshua. 

Jesus means Jehovah-Savior, Jehovah our Salvation, or Jehovah is Salvation. This is why the angel said, “And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins” (Matthew 1:21). The identification of the name Jesus with salvation is particularly evident because the Hebrew for Jeshua is practically identical to the Hebrew for salvation, especially since ancient Hebrew did not use written vowels. In fact, Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance transliterates Jeshua as Yeshuwa and the Hebrew word for salvation as Yeshuwah. Although others have borne the name Jehoshua, Joshua, or Jesus, the Lord Jesus Christ is the only One who actually lived up to that name. He is the only One who is actually what that name describes.

Jesus is the culmination of all the Old Testament names of God. It is the highest, most exalted name ever revealed to mankind. The name of Jesus is the name of God that He promised to reveal when He said, “Therefore my people shall know my name” (Isaiah 52:6). It is the one name of Zechariah 14:9 that encompasses and includes all the other names of God within its meaning. The New Testament church is identified by the name of Jesus. In fact Jesus said we would be hated among all men for His name’s sake (Matthew 10:22). The Early Church was persecuted for the name of Jesus (Acts 5:28; 9:21; 15:26), and they considered it a privilege to be counted worthy to suffer for His name (Acts 5:41). Peter stated that the lame man at the gate Beautiful was healed “by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth” (Acts 4:10). He then explained the supremacy and necessity of this name in receiving salvation: “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4:12). The Apostle Paul wrote, “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth” (Philippians 2:9-10).

Because of the exalted position of this name, we are exhorted to rely upon the name of Jesus in all we do or say: “Whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus” (Colossians 3:17). We teach and preach in the name of Jesus (Acts 4:17-18; 5:28). We cast out devils, speak in tongues, receive supernatural power and protection, and pray for the sick – all in the name of Jesus (Mark 16:17-18; James 5:14). Signs and wonders are done by the name of Jesus (Acts 4:30). We pray and make requests known to God in the name of Jesus (John 14:13-14; 16:23). We gather together in the name of Jesus (Matthew 18:20). We baptize in the name of Jesus (Acts 2:38).

Does this mean the name of Jesus is a kind of magical formula? No. For the name of Jesus to be effective we must have faith in His name (Acts 3:16). We must know and have faith in the One represented by that name (Acts 19:13-17). The name of Jesus is unique because unlike any other name it represents the presence of its owner. It represents God’s presence, power, and work. When we speak the name of Jesus in faith, Jesus Himself is actually present and begins to work. The power does not come from the way the name sounds, but it comes because the utterance of the name in faith demonstrates obedience to the Word of God and faith in the work of Jesus. When we call His name in faith, Jesus manifests His presence, performs the work, and meets the need.

Through the name Jesus, therefore, God reveals Himself fully. To the extent that we see, know, honor, believe, and receive Jesus, to that extent we see, know, honor, believe, and receive God the Father (John 5:23; 8:19; 12:44-45; 13:20; 14:7-9). If we deny Jesus, we deny the Father (I John 2:23), but if we use the name of Jesus we glorify the Father (Colossians 3:17).

The Bible foretold that the Messiah would declare the name of the LORD (Psalm 22:22; see Hebrews 2:12). Jesus asserted that He had manifested and declared the name of the Father (John 17:6, 26). In fact, He inherited His name from the Father (Hebrews 1:4). How did Jesus manifest and declare the Father’s name? He did so by unveiling the meaning of the name through the works that He did, which were the works of Jehovah (John 14:10-11). Just as God in the Old Testament progressively revealed more about His nature and His name by responding to the needs of His people, so Jesus in the New Testament fully revealed the nature and name of God through miracles, healings, casting out of devils, and forgiveness of sins. Jesus declared the Father’s name by His works; for by them He proved that He was indeed the Father, the Jehovah of the Old Testament. (See Isaiah 35:4-6 with Luke 7:19-22.) By demonstrating the power of God in accordance with the prophecies, He proved that Jesus was the name of the Father. Why is the name of Jesus the full revelation of God? Simply because Jesus is Jehovah and in Jesus dwells all the fulness of the Godhead bodily, including the role of Father (Colossians 2:9).
 

God’s name represents the following: (1) God’s presence, (2) the revelation of His character, (3) His power and (4) His authority.

Here are some other points that show the importance God places upon His name:

1. God demands fear (reverence, respect) for His name (Deuteronomy 28:58-59). He commands man not to take His name in vain (Exodus 20:7).

2. God warns His people not to forget His name (Psalm 44:20-21; Jeremiah 23:25-27).

3. God promises a blessing for those who know His name (Psalm 91:14-16). There is a blessing for those who think upon His name (Malachi 3:16).

With the significance of the name in mind, let us examine some names used for God in the Old Testament. 

THE NAMES OF GOD

OLD TESTAMENT NAMES FOR GOD

ELOHIM……Genesis 1:1, Psalm 19:1
meaning “God”, a reference to God’s power and might.
ADONAI……Malachi 1:6
meaning “Lord”, a reference to the Lordship of God.
JEHOVAH–YAHWEH…..Genesis 2:4
a reference to God’s divine salvation.
JEHOVAH-MACCADDESHEM…….Exodus 31:13
meaning “The Lord thy sanctifier”
JEHOVAH-ROHI……Psalm 23:1
meaning “The Lord my shepherd”
JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH…….Ezekiel 48:35
meaning “The Lord who is present”
JEHOVAH-RAPHA………Exodus 15:26
meaning “The Lord our healer”
JEHOVAH-TSIDKENU……Jeremiah 23:6
meaning “The Lord our righteousness”
JEHOVAH-JIREH………Genesis 22:13-14
meaning “The Lord will provide”
JEHOVAH-NISSI………Exodus 17:15
meaning “The Lord our banner”
JEHOVAH-SHALOM……..Judges 6:24
meaning “The Lord is peace”
JEHOVAH-SABBAOTH……Isaiah 6:1-3
meaning “The Lord of Hosts”
JEHOVAH-GMOLAH……..Jeremiah 51:6
meaning “The God of Recompense”
EL-ELYON…………..Genesis 14:17-20,Isaiah 14:13-14
meaning “The most high God
EL-ROI…………….Genesis 16:13
meaning “The strong one who sees”
EL-SHADDAI…………Genesis 17:1,Psalm 91:1
meaning “The God of the mountains or God Almighty”
EL-OLAM……………Isaiah 40:28-31
meaning “The everlasting God”

MORE NAMES OF GOD

ABBA………………………..Romans 8:15
ADVOCATE…………………….I John 2:1 (kjv)
ALMIGHTY…………………….Genesis 17:1
ALPHA……………………….Revelation 22:13
AMEN………………………..Revelation 3:14
ANCIENT OF DAYS………………Daniel 7:9
ANOINTED ONE…………………Psalm 2:2
APOSTLE……………………..Hebrews 3:1
ARM OF THE LORD………………Isaiah 53:1
AUTHOR OF LIFE……………….Acts 3:15
AUTHOR OF OUR FAITH…………..Hebrews 12:2

BEGINNING…………………….Revelation 21:6
BLESSED & HOLY RULER…………..1 Timothy 6:15
BRANCH……………………….Jeremiah 33:15
BREAD OF GOD………………….John 6:33
BREAD OF LIFE…………………John 6:35
BRIDEGROOM……………………Isaiah 62:56
BRIGHT MORNING STAR……………Revelation 22:16

CHIEF SHEPHERD…………………1 Peter 5:4
CHOSEN ONE…………………….Isaiah 42:1
CHRIST………………………..Matthew 22:42
CHRIST OF GOD………………….Luke 9:20
CHRIST THE LORD………………..Luke 2:11
CHRIST, SON OF LIVING GOD……….Matthew 16:16
COMFORTER……………………..John 14:26(kjv)
COMMANDER……………………..Isaiah 55:4
CONSOLATION OF ISRAEL……………Luke 2:25
CONSUMING FIRE………………….Deut. 4:24, Heb. 12:29
CORNERSTONE…………………….Isaiah 28:16
COUNSELOR………………………Isaiah 9:6
CREATOR………………………..1 Peter 4:19

DELIVERER…………………………Romans 11:26
DESIRED OF ALL NATIONS……………..Haggai 2:7
DOOR……………………………..John 10:7(kjv)

END………………………………Revelation 21:6
ETERNAL GOD……………………….Deut. 33:27
EVERLASTING FATHER…………………Isaiah 9:6

FAITHFUL & TRUE……………………Revelation 19:11
FAITHFUL WITNESS…………………..Revelation 1:5
FATHER……………………………Matthew 6:9
FIRSTBORN (3)………………………………….Rom.8:29,Rev.1:5,Col.1:15
FIRSTFRUITS……………………….1 Cor.15:20-23
FOUNDATION………………………..1 Cor. 3:11
FRIEND OF TAX COLLECTORS & SINNERS…..Matthew 11:19

GENTLE WHISPER…………………….1 Kings 19:12
GIFT OF GOD……………………….John 4:10
GLORY OF THE LORD………………….Isaiah 40:5
GOD………………………………Genesis 1:1
GOD ALMIGHTY………………………Genesis 17:1
GOD OVER ALL………………………Romans 9:5
GOD WHO SEES ME……………………Genesis 16:13
GOOD SHEPHERD……………………..John 10:11
GREAT HIGH PRIEST………………….Hebrews 4:14
GREAT SHEPHERD…………………….Hebrews 13:20
GUIDE…………………………….Psalm 48:14

HEAD OF THE BODY…………………..Colossians 1:18
HEAD OF THE CHURCH…………………Ephesians 5:23
HEIR OF ALL THINGS…………………Hebrews 1:2
HIGH PRIEST……………………….Hebrews 3:1
HIGH PRIEST FOREVER………………..Hebrews 6:20
HOLY ONE………………………….Acts 2:27
HOLY ONE OF ISRAEL…………………Isaiah 49:7
HOLY SPIRIT……………………….John 15:26
HOPE……………………………..Titus 2:13
HORN OF SALVATION………………….Luke 1:69

I AM………………………………Exodus 3:14, John 8:58
IMAGE OF GOD……………………….2 Cor. 4:4
IMAGE OF HIS PERSON…………………Hebrews 1:3 (kjv)
IMMANUEL…………………………..Isaiah 7:14

JEALOUS…………………………Exodus 34:14 (kjv)
JEHOVAH…………………………Psalm 83:18 (kjv)
JESUS…………………………..Matthew 1:21
JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD…………….Romans 6:23
JUDGE…………………………..Isaiah 33:22, Acts 10:42

KING……………………………Zechariah 9:9
KING ETERNAL…………………….1 Timothy 1:17
KING OF KINGS……………………1 Timothy 6:15
KING OF THE AGES…………………Revelation 15:3

LAMB OF GOD………………………John 1:29
LAST ADAM………………………..1 Cor. 15:45
LAWGIVER…………………………Isaiah 33:22
LEADER…………………………..Isaiah 55:4
LIFE…………………………….John 14:6
LIGHT OF THE WORLD………………..John 8:12
LIKE AN EAGLE…………………….Deut. 32:11
LILY OF THE VALLEYS……………….Song 2:1
LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH…………Revelation 5:5
LIVING STONE……………………..1 Peter 2:4
LIVING WATER……………………..John 4:10
LORD…………………………….John 13:13
LORD GOD ALMIGHTY…………………Revelation 15:3
LORD JESUS CHRIST…………………1 Cor. 15:57
LORD OF ALL………………………Acts 10:36
LORD OF GLORY ……………………1 Cor. 2:8
LORD OF HOSTS…………………….Haggai 1:5
LORD OF LORDS…………………….1 Tim. 6:15
LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS…………..Jeremiah 23:6
LOVE……………………………1 John 4:8

MAN OF SORROWS…………………….Isaiah 53:3
MASTER…………………………….Luke 5:5
MEDIATOR…………………………..1 Timothy 2:5
MERCIFUL GOD……………………….Jeremiah 3:12
MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT…………….Malachi 3:1
MESSIAH…………………………… John 4:25
MIGHTY GOD………………………….Isaiah 9:6
MIGHTY ONE………………………….Isaiah 60:16

NAZARENE……………………………Matthew 2:23

OFFSPRING OF DAVID…………………..Revelation 22:16
OMEGA………………………………Revelation 22:13
ONLY BEGOTTEN SON……………………John 1:18(kjv)
OUR PASSOVER LAMB……………………1 Cor. 5:7
OUR PEACE…………………………..Ephesians 2:14

POTTER……………………………..Isaiah 64:8
POWER OF GOD………………………..1 Cor. 1:24
PRINCE OF PEACE……………………..Isaiah 9:6
PROPHET…………………………….Acts 3:22
PURIFIER……………………………Malachi 3:3

RABBONI (TEACHER)……………………John 20:16
RADIANCE OF GOD’S GLORY………………Heb.1:3
REDEEMER……………………………Job 19:25
REFINER’S FIRE………………………Malachi 3:2
RESURRECTION………………………..John 11:25
RIGHTEOUS ONE……………………….1 John 2:1
ROCK……………………………….1 Cor.10:4
ROOT OF DAVID……………………….Rev. 22:16
ROSE OF SHARON………………………Song 2:1
RULER OF GOD’S CREATION………………Rev. 3:14
RULER OVER KINGS OF EARTH…………….Rev 1:5
RULER OVER ISRAEL……………………Micah 5:2

SAVIOR……………………………..Luke 2:11
SCEPTER OUT OF ISRAEL………………..Numbers 24:17
SEED……………………………….Genesis 3:15
SERVANT…………………………….Isaiah 42:1
SHEPHERD OF OUR SOULS………………..1Peter 2:25
SHIELD……………………………..Genesis 15:1
SON OF DAVID………………………..Matthew 1:1
SON OF GOD………………………….Matthew 27:54
SON OF MAN………………………….Matthew 8:20
SON OF THE MOST HIGH…………………Luke 1:32
SOURCE……………………………..Hebrews 5:9
SPIRIT OF GOD……………………….Genesis 1:2
STAR OUT OF JACOB……………………Numbers 24:17
STONE………………………………1 Peter 2:8
SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS…………………Malachi 4:2

TEACHER……………………………..John 13:13
TRUE LIGHT…………………………..John 1:9
TRUE WITNESS…………………………Revelation 3:14
TRUTH……………………………….John 14:6

VINE………………………………..John 15:5

WAY………………………………….John 14:6
WISDOM OF GOD…………………………1 Cor. 1:24
WITNESS………………………………Isaiah 55:4
WONDERFUL…………………………….Isaiah 9:6
WORD…………………………………John 1:1
WORD OF GOD…………………………..Revelation 19:13

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