Thyroid Cancer Treatment

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Mostly after a month or approximately 4 weeks to 6 weeks after the thyroid gland is being removed radioactive iodine is being prescribed by the doctor. Human being cannot survive without thyroid gland since the thyroid glad absorbs all the iodine in the blood. The radioactive iodine is usually given in a liquid form or in a capsule form. Radioactive iodine is known to increase the survival rate of patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. This is the standard treatment of all cases. Other type of thyroid cancer like medullary and anaplastic thyroid cancer is not benefited by radioactive iodine because these types of cancer do not take in iodine.


A thyroid cancer treatment option includes surgery: this varies from how severe the condition of the cancer. But mostly total throidectomy is advised so that the cancer will not spread to other parts of the unaffected area. But in can always be case to case basis and the decision of the patient if the patients decided to have partial or total surgery. Then there is radioactive iodine but depends on what type of thyroid cancer the patient has. Other treatment options include external radiation therapy which targets the areas of the tumor. Then chemotherapy is another treatment option that uses drugs to kill cancer cells.


If the treatment of thyroid cancer is about radioactive iodine the side effects mostly if the patient has large amount of radiation in the body so the patient is advised to refrain exposure to others from radiation. Men that had radioactive iodine is recorded to have low sperm count that sometimes leads to infertility while in women. Ovaries will be affected and have irregular menstrual periods. And doctors advised women to not get pregnant with in 6 months after the treatment because there are recorded cases that it can affect pregnancy. With surgery there is a discomfort after the surgery and the site of the surgery sores and aches after the surgery. For external radiation the patient will have redness of the skin where the site of radiation is being placed. And the doctor will advise the patient to remain active as possible. Then most side effects of chemotherapy is having dizziness and vomiting and feeling tired all the time. Cancer drugs can make the body go weak because of the reaction to the body that is taking place. But these are normal side effects that you can experience when having these treatments.


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