The thyroid hormones are responsible for regulating metabolism in the body. Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid glands. It is essential to have the thyroid glands function normally or else one will end up suffering from thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, etc. An individual suffers from hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid if one’s thyroid glands produce thyroid hormones more than what the body needs. When this happens, a person will experience excessive weight loss, fatigue, muscle weakness and diarrhea. These are just some among the many other symptoms of hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid happens when one’s thyroid glands produce inadequate amounts of thyroid hormones that the body needs. When a person suffers from hypothyroidism, they usually feel colder than usual, becomes forgetful, easily feels exhausted, depressed, constipated and gains excessive weight even when having a balanced diet and regular exercise. Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are just two among the many thyroid disorders that an individual may suffer from when the thyroid glands begin to malfunction. Most people may feel one or more thyroid disorder symptoms, however, unluckily for some, they may live their lives without even knowing or having a single clue that they are already suffering from one. There are also times wherein one may be able to feel the likes of thyroid disorder symptoms but may be suffering from another disorder or illness, that is why it is always best to have one’s self checked to be able to make sure which disorder one is suffering from. When the exact disorder or illness is diagnosed properly, appropriate medication or treatment will then be given. Thyroid medication varies per disorder and per patient. Once the thyroid disorder is diagnosed, prescription and medication instructions will be given by the attending physician. There are some medications that are advised to only be taken after every meal and not with an empty stomach to be able to achieve maximum absorption.
Side Effects of Thyroid Medication
Just like any other treatments for disorders and illnesses, thyroid medications also have side effects. To ensure that one is having the right medication and for all the side effects to be addressed properly, it is highly discouraged to self-medicate. It is best to follow the doctor’s prescription regarding thyroid medication. Doctors always provide the side effects of the medications they prescribed, so prior to buying and taking the prescribed medication, one will be able to know what to expect and what to do when thyroid medication side effects are experienced. The side effects of thyroid medication may start from being mild to being uncomfortably severe. Here are the most common side effects of thyroid medication:
- Weight Gain/Weight loss
- Hair loss
- Shortness of Breath