There are a lot of thyroid cancers, the most common thyroid cancer is the papillary thyroid cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer takes place in the follicles of the thyroid gland. Studies show that women are more likely to suffer from this type of cancer than men. Radiation exposure is the most common reason why a person suffers from papillary thyroid cancer. It is not advisable to leave papillary thyroid cancer undiagnosed and untreated for it will only put an individual’s life and health at risk as this may spread to different parts of the body. If diagnosed while still at its early stage, papillary thyroid cancer has a high cure rate. This type of cancer’s peak ranges from people that are 30 to 50 years of age.
Papillary Thyroid Cancer Prognosis
Staging methods are used to assess papillary thyroid cancer. These staging methods are used by physicians as basis to gauge the extent of papillary thyroid cancer an individual may be suffering from. The chance of recovery or prognosis of papillary thyroid cancer is much better compared to other types of cancer. The most important factor that physicians have to consider is a person’s age. Even when the lymph nodes are already affected, if a person is still young when diagnosed, rarely will he/she give in to papillary thyroid cancer unlike for people who are diagnosed at their late 40’s and above. Here are the staging methods of papillary thyroid cancer. Prognosis will vary depending on which stage a person’s papillary thyroid cancer is already in.
- Stage 1 – For those who are diagnosed during this stage, the tumor has not spread to other parts of the body and its size is only about 2cm.
- Stage 2 – The tumor is more than 2cm but less than 4cm, however, it may have already spread to nearby parts of the body such as the lymph nodes.
- Stage 3 – The tumor may have spread outside one’s thyroid gland but not to other parts of the body. The size of the tumor can already be bigger than 4cm.
- Stage 4 – The tumor may be bigger and may have spread to not just the thyroid gland but other areas in the body as well such as the blood vessels or spine.
Papillary Thyroid Cancer Treatment
The first two things that physicians check before being able to give an individual suffering from papillary thyroid cancer appropriate treatment are medical history and physical exam. Here are the treatment that may be given to people with papillary thyroid cancer.
- RAI Scan or Radioactive Iodine Scan – This is a type of procedure used to check areas in the body where the cancer cells may divide quickly.
- Blood chemistry study – This is a type of procedure used to measure the amount of substances in the body through a blood sample.
- MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging – This is a type of procedure that uses magnet and radio waves to get a detailed picture of the body organs in the body.
- Blood hormone studies – This is a type of procedure that secures a blood sample from the patient to measure the amounts of certain hormones in the body.
Papillary Thyroid Cancer Symptoms
Some people may not even have a clue that they are suffering from an illness or a disease. That is because some illnesses and diseases do not show symptoms during its early stage. Just like papillary thyroid cancer, one can never know they have it unless they have themselves checked. Some could also feel symptoms. Common papillary thyroid cancer symptoms are:
- Hoarse voice
- Throat pains
- Difficulty in swallowing
This may be felt even when suffering from a different illness or disease, so it would be best to consult a doctor and have one’s self checked.