First Aid

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In attending an injured person:

1. Keep the victim lying in a comfortable chair, the head of his body, until we know the damage is serious.

2. Look for bleeding, respiratory arrest, poisoning, wounds, burns, fractures and dislocations. Make sure to identify any damage. Remove enough clothing to determine the extent of damage. Remove the seams, if necessary. Efforts to remove the clothes as usual can cause unnecessary suffering or injury may be worse. severe bleeding, not breathing, and poisoning should be treated immediately, before something is done.

3. Tell someone to call a doctor or ambulance.

4. Keep calm and not too eager to move an injured person unless absolutely necessary.

5. Do not drink water or other liquids to an unconscious person.

6. Keep away from watching injured.

7. Ensuring patient comfort and make him happy, if possible.

8. Do not let the patient see their own biases.

Shock

Anyone can develop serious shock injury, and treatment should begin immediately to avoid the shock, if possible. These are:

1. Prevention of bleeding by applying pressure.

2. Maintenance of body temperature by covering the patient in a blanket, but not the application of heat.

3. Increased blood flow to vital organs by Tilting the body, blood tends to flow in the upper parts, including legs of trousers or a bed of 12-18 inches.

4. Except when there is damage to the stomach, the liquid in small quantities and frequently, preferably as hot as can be obtained easily.

5. Administration of artificial respiration, as described below, if necessary, restore breathing.

Bandages

Do not use cotton directly on a wound or bum hangs because it is difficult to remove. Do not use tape, duct tape, collodion, or similar materials directly to a wound. Apply a square of sterile gauze or bandage on the wound. The bandages are not applied directly to the wound, which should always be first covered with a bandage.

wound

Do not touch any damage to the hand, mouth, clothes, or other obscene. Apply a compression bandage or sterile gauze and comfortably in place. When bleeding occurs, apply a bandage to push soon. Make sure the bleeding has stopped before moving the patient. Tourniquets are dangerous and should not be used if the bleeding can be controlled easily by other means. Whenever there is severe bleeding to find a doctor as soon as possible to support patient care.

Puncture wound

Always secure a doctor who does not claim that same injury, but may be given tetanus antitoxin for the prevention of tetanus.

Powder Burns

Dust explosions often cause ut dust and dirt from the skin. Make sure the patient is treated by a doctor. The amount of tetanus antitoxin in these cases can not be overstated.

Infected wounds

Apply moist dressings, which consists of three spoonfuls of common salt, or twice the amount of Epsom salts, each liter of water. Change wet often enough sauce to keep warm and continue to operate for a time. Repeat every three or four hours until the patient presents to a doctor.

The abdominal wound

Keep the patient lying quietly on his back. Move to patients with diseases of the wound carefully. Once in the intestine from the wound, keep the patient in a coat or a pillow under your knees. Do not try to push the intestines Cover with a sterile dressing and keep moist.

Animal Bites

Wash the wound thoroughly to remove the saliva. Use a gauze pad and thick solution of water and soap to wash the wound. Tap water rinse and apply a sterile compress. Consult a physician immediately. Do not kill the animal bite, if not to protect others from harm. You bite the animal examined by a veterinarian responsible for determining whether or not they have rabies.

Snakebite

Make the victim lie down and be quiet. Tie a narrow band around the edges tightly above the bite to reduce the spread of venom. Bring a sharp knife or a razor iodine in a match flame, or alcohol. Cut a cross about a quarter of an inch long each brand Fang. Apply a vacuum or a syringe to suction if a mechanical device is not available. Call a doctor as soon as possible. antivenom serum should be administered by an experienced team, if any.

Wound contamination

If a foreign body such as a fragment, a piece of glass or metal is near the surface, apply antiseptic to the skin. Sterilize the knife, needle or forceps by a bonfire is used to remove a foreign body. Encourage a little bleeding from a slight pressure on the wound. After bleeding has stopped apply a sterile dressing.

Foreign body

Do not rub your eyes. Do not touch until you wash your hands thoroughly. Do not be harsh on the eyes. Do not groped to remove a foreign body in the eye with a toothpick, a match, a knife, or any other instrument.

Pull the lower eyelid and see if the foreign substance on the surface of the lower eyelid. If visible, it may be removed by pressing a wedge in his hand a clean handkerchief. Hold the lashes of the upper eyelid gently between thumb and forefinger. they look at patients, and pull the upper lid up and down the lower eyelid. It may have a foreign body fallen tears. Flush eyes with a boric acid solution (half a teaspoon in a cup of boiling water). If the foreign body is still present, make sure the patient’s attention by a doctor.

Epistaxis

The patient must have the head slightly backward, breathing through the mouth. Apply cold wet compresses to the nose. Tell those who have nosebleed should not blow your nose for some time. Press the bleeding nostril rim regularly during the middle of four or five minutes. If the proposal does not stop the bleeding within minutes, the doctor. Try to pack sterile gauze into the hole of the nose, leaving the other end so it can be easily removed.

Internal bleeding

Keep the patient lying on his back as flat as possible. Turn your head from side to vomit or cough. Keep warm. Consult a doctor as soon as possible.

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