Coughing is a common disorder and is often experienced by everyone. This disorder is a reaction of the body to remove foreign objects that enter the body. Reflex cough can be caused by certain stimuli such as dust, cigarette smoke, air pollution, and smells. Also, because the sudden temperature changes, allergies, or because of infection by viruses and bacteria. Foreign objects are turned into the mucus in the respiratory tract, then the muscles of the body trying to clear the mucus cough until it came to pass. If a foreign substance can be removed then the coughing will stop. Thus cough may function to clear airways of stimulating substances and particles so that infection is one of the body’s defense mechanism. However, excessive coughing or occurs continuously indicate the presence of a disturbance in the body, especially in the respiratory tract.
Coughing is not a separate disorder, its existence is often a symptom of another disease, which most often is due to upper respiratory tract infections such as flu and colds. It also can be caused by bronchitis, sinusitis, asthma, allergies, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, and others. Impaired cough often arise at the turn of the season (transition) or in the rainy and cold weather. This is because viruses and bacteria more resistant to cold temperatures. Additionally, when our immune transition season also tends to fall so easily exposed to attack viruses and bacteria that cause cough, flu and colds.
Coughing is usually divided into two types, namely a productive cough or phlegm and remove non-productive cough or dry cough. Both types of cough may be acute or chronic. Acute cough is a cough that lasts less than 3 weeks, and occurs in 1 episode. A cough of this type usually occur suddenly and are often caused by flu, colds, sinusitis or allergies. While chronic cough is a cough that occurred more than 3 weeks, usually caused by bronchitis, asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, or whooping cough.
Often in the treatment of cough many people who take antibiotics without a prescription. And if the cough is caused by influenza viruses such as cough, antibiotics will be useless because antibiotics can not kill viruses. Atibiotik efficacious kill bacteria so it is only used if the cough is caused by bacterial infection. Indiscriminate antibiotic that can cause the body over time will be resistant to antibiotics and the immune system is lowered.
Cough is often regarded as a nuisance that most people are mild and can stop itself, but it is not impossible is a symptom of more serious disease. Beware if a prolonged cough, accompanied by high body temperature or issue a yellow-green sputum that indicate a secondary infection, accompanied by cold sweat at night (symptoms of pulmonary TB), and coughing up blood which may indicate an injury or infection in the body. Through the splashes cough, microbial pathogens cause the infection to spread and transmit the disease to others. Therefore, at the time of coughing should wear masks to prevent transmission to others.
To avoid coming of cough or prevent it from getting worse and accelerates healing, here are a few things to note:
* Stop smoking and stay away from cigarette smoke from other people.
* If a simple allergy, avoid things that can trigger it such as dust, animal dander, smoke, and do not use fans
* Avoid fried foods , sweet, spicy, cold drinks , caffeine and alcohol.
* Konsumsikan a nutritious and balanced diet to help increase endurance.
* Drinking hot drinks such as ginger tea or hot lemon to help relieve throat. Breathe steam from a container that contains hot water.
* Rest and sleep well.
Herbs that can be used to help overcome such cough is warm and has the effect / efficacy relieve cough (antitussive), peluruh sputum (expectorant), fever (antipyretic), anti-infective, anti-inflammatory (anti-inflammatory), and stimulate immunity.
Here are some herbs that can be used to overcome cough.
1.Piper betle Leaves
Benefits: stop the cough (anti-tussive), reduce inflammation, antiseptic, antifungal, eliminate itching.
2.Zingiber officinale ROSC
Benefits: warm breath, sputum laxative, anti-inflammatory. For coughs due to colds, flu and colds.
3.Kaempferia galanga L
Benefits: peluruh phlegm, relieve cough.
4.Citrus nobilis Lour.
Benefits: peluruh sputum, antiasma
5.Andrographis paniculata Nees
Benefits: anti-inflammatory, anti-infection, reduce heat, analgesic, neutralize toxic materials / toxins, stimulate the body’s immunity. to cough, flu, bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, pneumonia, whooping cough
6.Centella asiatica Urb
Benefits: anti-infective, antibacterial, reduce heat, neutralizes toxic materal. to cough, flu, bronchitis, lung spots, pneumonia, whooping cough
7.Abrus precatorius L
Benefits: anti-inflammatory, reduce the heat.
Benefits: relieve cough, antihistamines, relieve asthma, coughing up blood.
Benefits: relieve cough, sputum bullets.
10.Citrus aurantifolia Swingle
Benefits: relieve cough, sputum laxative, antioxidant.
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