Buddhism is the 4th largest religion in the world. This religion and philosophy originated in the Indian subcontinent and spread throughout South, Southeast and East Asia. Beliefs and practices of this oriental religion were largely based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama more commonly known as the Buddha or “the enlightened one”.
Here’s a list of cities regarded as sacred to Buddhism.
Gaya/Bodh Gaya, India
The City of Gaya in Bodhgaya, India is one of the holiest cities to Buddhism. The Mahabodhi Temple, which is located in the city, is believed to be the tree under which the Buddha attained enlightenment. This historic temple is the world’s number one pilgrimage site of Buddhism. The city is also sacred to Hinduism.
The holy city Lumbinī, which is located in Rupandehi, Nepal, is a holy site for Buddhism because it is believed to be the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama. The city is located in the foothills of the Himalaya.
Varanasi is a city located in Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the banks of the Ganges River and is considered as a holy city by Buddhist. The city is oftentimes regarded as “the city of temples”, “the holy city of India”, “the religious capital of India”, “the city of lights”, and “the city of learning. It is also commonly known as Benares, Banaras and Kashi and is also regarded as holy city Hinduism and Jainism.
The sacred city of Rajgir is located in Nalanda District, Bihar. This city was founded around 1,000 BCE and was the first capital of the Magadha Kingdom, a state that would eventually evolve into the Mauryan Empire. The city is also considered sacred to Jainism.
Lhasa City, Tibet in China
Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, is a city sacred to Tibetan Buddhism. This impressive city in the sky features one of the most spectacular palaces in the world – the Potala Palace which was the official residence of the Dalai Lama.