Shrubs And Annuals in Landscaping

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Shrubs Classified According to Certain Characteristics

Low-growing shrubs: Deutzia, Kerria, yellowroot, Thunberg’s spiraea, (or spirea), goldflower, coralberry, and snowberry

Medium-growing shrubs: Withe rod, Regel’s privet, aralia, flowering currant, Japanese snowball, Van Houtte’s spiraea, Rhodotypos, dogood, forsythia, and Japanese cranberry

Tall-growing shrubs: Tatarian honeysuckle, Japanese bush honeysuckle, mock orange, weigela, sheepberry, hybrid golden bell, lilac, and wayfaring tree

Smaller evergreens: Prostrate juniper, mugho pine, dwarfish Japanese yew

Broadleaf evergreens: Azalea, hybrid rhododendron, Pieris, Japanese holly, mountain laurel, abelia, mahonia, and leucothoe. (These are available in dwarf and tall varieties, in diverse form and foliage.)

Shrubs for edging of walks and green borders: Hardy evergreen azalea, dwarf box, small-leaved holly, barberry, meadow rose, and Rom Thumb arbor vitae

Shrubs for hedging: Low—barberry, box, yew, Cotoneaster, dwarf cranberry, Spiraea Anthony Waterer, snow garland, and thyme. Tall—Acanthopanax, arrowwood, winged eunymous, and Regel’s and Amur privet

Shade-loving shrubs: Acanthopanax, coralberry, ninebark, and privet

Shrubs with showy fruit: Japanese barberry (red), yellow honeysuckle, bittersweet and Cotoneaster (orange), fringe tree (blue), and buckthorn (black)

Shrubs according to soil preference or tolerance: Clay—Cornus species, Crataegus, forysthia, Kerria, spiraea, and Viburnum opulus. Sandysoil—Cotinus, Elaeagnus, Ligustrum, Lonicera, Rhus, spiraea, symphoricarpos, viburnum, and yucca. Calcareous (limestone) soil—Alnus, Berberis, Betula, Ceanothus, cercis, Cornus, Corylus, Crataegus, Kerria, and rhamnus. Peat soil—Arbutus, andromeda, kalmia, leucothoe, rhododendron, and vaccinium

Seasons of bloom among shrubs:

April: Daphne, golden bell, Juneberry, and Japanese quince

May: Barberry, white kerria, lilac, and silver bell

June: Fragrant amorpha, Kerria, japonica, Deutzia gracilis, and oleaster

July: Button bush, pepper bush, St.-John’s-wort, and Spiraea Douglasii

August: Sweet alder, Hydrangea, paniculata grandiflora, and blue spiraea

September: Witch hazel, blue spiraes, and Spiraea conspicua


Annuals are flowers that grow from seed, blossom, and die down in one season. They are obtainable in every color, can be used in variety of ways, and can be raised at small cost. They may be mixed effectively with perennials.

Some hardy annuals: Larkspur, calliopsis, poppies, sweet alyssum, nigella, cornflower, pansies, and zinnias

Drought-resisting annuals: White—Dahlias, larkspur, baby’s-breath, candytuft, petunias, sweet alyssum, and verbena. Yellow—Sunflower, zinnias, calliopsis, marigold, and portulaca. Orange—Heliopsis, African marigold, and California poppy. Red—Cockscomb, Helichrysum, bracteatum, poppy, and rose moss. Lavender—China aster, Drummond phlox, and hemiptelea. Blue—Carnflower, larkspur, lupine, ageratum, verbena, and forget-me-not

Annuals according to height: Less than 1 foot—Sweet alyssum, ice plant, lobelia, pansy, and portulaca. 1 – 2 feet—Baby’s-breath, marigold, mignonette, and petunias. 2 – 3 feet—Amaranthus, Bertolonia, cotton, poppy, and scabiosa. Over 3 feet—Castor ben, cosmos, giant hemp, and Nicotiana


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