The Different Classifications of Evidences

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To prove something, one must show evidence. Evidence makes us determine the reality about a certain fact whether it is true or not.

Evidence is which tends to prove or disapprove something. There are different classifications of evidence namely; the Direct Evidence, the Indirect or Circumstantial Evidence, Real Evidence, Personal Evidence, Original Evidence and Unoriginal Evidence or Hearsay Evidence.

Direct evidence is the evidence such as those testimonies made by some individuals. The one who made the testimony speaks from his or her experience or personal knowledge with regards to the subject matter. The direct evidence declares that a certain fact exists.

Indirect or circumstantial evidence is the evidence that requires an inference to connect to a conclusion or fact. It allows a trier of fact in order to deduce a fact exists.

The real evidence is the evidence that is presented directly to the one that will make the judgment; maybe through the different senses. One example of this is the injury that was being committed as being shown.

Personal evidence is the evidence that is afforded by human agent. It could either be in the way of discourse or in the way of voluntary signs that is made to be able to communicate thought.

Original evidence is the evidence that possesses an independent force of probability on its own.

Unoriginal or hearsay evidence is the evidence made by a person who says some fact base upon the information that he she acquired from the others.

The evidence can be tested by the quality of the evidence itself and by the sources of the evidence.

In testingthe evidence by its quality, it should be asked if the evidence is consistent with the human nature as well as the human experience; if the evidence is consistent with known facts; if the evidence is consistent with itself; if the evidence passed the “hearsay test” and if the evidence is a kind that is exceptionally valuable.

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In testing the evidence by its source, the ordinary fact witnesses should be tested as well as the sources of expert evidence.

Evidences should be checked carefully since evidence can bring the verdict whether a certain thing is true or not. It should be remembered that there are saying that says” Figures does not lie but liars do figure”. In other words, one might fabricate evidence against someone else; the reason why every evidence should be properly checked.

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