There are three elements that vary according to the subject and according to the occasion in speech. These elements are the rate, the pitch and the force. With regards to the subject as well as the occasions, these three elements differ on how they are going to be performed.
The first element is the rate; this is the measure of the speed of the utterance or the number of syllables that are uttered per minute. It is considered that the average speaking rate is in between 120 words to 150 words every single minute. The rate in speaking should also correspond to the thought that is being expressed. When the speaker delivers a complex subject, it should be delivered slowly to make the audience understand the subject that is being discussed. In delivering a joyful, light and exciting narration, the speaker should deliver the speech in fast pace.
There are certain factors that are related to the rate of the speech. These factors are the pause and the duration of sounds. The pause is done when the speaker interrupts an utterance when he or she tries to emphasize important ideas. Pause in speech has many purposes such as emphasizing suspense when done before the climax of a story. When the pause is done longer than the usual pause, it may indicate a depth feeling of the speaker in accordance with the speech. Duration on the other hand is the amount of the time that is being considered in producing sound more particularly the sounds of the vowels. The duration in speech is dependent upon the mood of the occasion as well as in the materials that is going to be presented. When it comes on a solemn occasions, the use of greater duration is done producing a slower rate of speech delivery. When it comes in a light and exciting occasions, lesser duration is done, increasing the rate of the speech delivery. Duration can be done by prolonging or shortening the sounds of the vowels.
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The second element is the pitch; it refers to the location of a particular sound on the musical scale. Usually, the customary pitch is in the lower half of the range of the speaker. It is important that he or she must not remain on this range all the time rather, the speaker should break away from it sometimes then coming back.
The third element is the force; this is the loudness of the utterance. When the speaker begins to speak, the first thing to do is to talk loud enough for everyone to hear. With this the speaker can project an impression of confidence. Speaking loud can catch attention; but it should not be done from the beginning to the end of the speech. The speaker should learn to use variations in the volume of his or her speech; soft, medium or loud. There are times to speak loudly, time to speak softly and time to speak in medium or moderate way. With this the conversation will not be boring and it will help to make the audience in focus.