In preparing a speech, it is an important factor to determine the types of the speeches, as well as how the ideas inside are arranged.
There are different types of speeches that are being made. There are different principles of arrangement that are used in creating these speeches.
In an expository type of speech, the speaker will try to explain something to the audience. One of the arrangements that could be used is the chronological order. With this the arrangement of the first thing to the last thing is being done. Deductive order is also used; with this order, the speaker reveals first his or her main topic then telling the audience the minor details, arousing curiosity and suspense before introducing the main idea.
In a descriptive type of speech, the speaker intends to describe something. The arrangement principles that are most likely use are; easy to hard order, least to greater order, order of space and similarity and control.
Easy to hard order involves the arrangement of ideas from an easy part to a hard part, least to greater order involves the arrangement of ideas from the least to greater order and the order of space involves the arrangements of ideas from left to right or top to bottom as an example.
In the narrative speech, the speaker intends to tell or narrate a story or an experience. These could be presented in chronological or epic order.
In the chronological order, the speaker presents a story or an experience based upon their sequence of occurrence. In the epic order, the speaker tries to tell a flashback style. It can be done by beginning the speech somewhere near the end, then returning to the beginning before coming to a quick conclusion.
In the argumentative type of speech, the speaker tries to present an argument. Here, the principles of arrangement to be used might be in the form of agreeable to disagreeable order, climatic order, emergency order and Nestorian order.
In the agreeable to disagreeable order, the speaker tells the agreeable idea first before proceeding to disagreeable one. In the climatic order, the speaker tries to arrange the ideas to the ascending order such as strong, stronger or strongest. In the emergency order, the arguments of the speaker are arranged from the strongest argument, going to the stronger one followed by the strong one. In the Nestorian order, the ideas or arguments are arranged in stronger, strong and strongest.