Impotence Causes

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Impotence, which is also known as erectile dysfunction, is the loss of sexual feelings due to the reduction of blood flows to the penis. A man may experience impotence when he fails to achieve or maintain an erection to allow penetrative sex.  This article will look at the physical and psychological causes of impotence and examine treatments and possible side effects.

Impotence affects one in ten men and 50% of all men over 40 may experience the dysfunction at some stage in their lives. Though it may become increasingly common and severe as age increases, only a small percentage of men seek help. Impotence can have an impact on your relationship so it is important to involve your spouse at every stage.

Physical causes

Some of the physical conditions, which cause impotence, are high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, low levels of testosterone and abnormal penis. However, impotence can be an early warning of coronary heart disease.

Psychological causes

Depression, embarrassment, sexual boredom, anxiety, guilt and stress, are some of the conditions that can induce impotence.

Medicines side effects

Treatments for high blood pressure and some antidepressants can cause early ejaculation and orgasm.  There are a number of medicines available and your GP will advise you, which is most suitable for you.


An excessive consumption of alcohol can damage the nerves in the penis and reduce your chance of having an erection. This is often called ‘brewer’s droop’ or ‘alcohol impotence’.  In the same token, smoking cigarettes or cannabis can also harm your blood vessels and raise the risk of impotence.  


Too much cycling can damage nerves through vigorous contact with the saddle. In this case giving the cycling a break for a few weeks will allow the nerves to repair themselves.

Tiredness & Drugs

Being overworked and also having financial or other worries can drain your energy and reduce sexual desire.Ecstasy, cannabis, cocaine and heroin can seriously damage your health.


There are different types of treatment available such as cognitive behavioural therapy and medicines to suit the individual. If the problem is caused by depression, anxiety or relationship difficulties, techniques such as development of intimacy and stimulation can be applied to reduce anxiety associated with intercourse.  Sharing your concerns with a psychosexual therapist or counsellor may be helpful.

Drug Therapy

Drugs can be injected into the penis, taken orally or inserted into the urethra at the tip of the penis.  However, the correct treatment for impotencedepends on your health.

There is an Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Trial Pack which contains 4 tablets of Cialis, Levitra and Viagra. These samples can help you to determine which medication is suitable for you as a long-term treatment.

Cialis helps to widen the blood vessels of your penis and increases blood flow to help achieve and maintain an erection. The effect can last for up to 36 hours.  Possible side effects are headaches and back pain.

Levitrastarts working approximately 30 minutes after swallowing and helps to relax the muscles of your penis by increasing the flow of blood. Possible side effects are facial flushing and headaches.

Viagra is an oral treatment that helps to increase blood flow to your penis during sexual activity. It takes under an hour to work and will continue to work for up to four hours.  Side effects are colour vision, headaches and possibly heart attacks.

Erectile vacuum pump

An external pump device can be used to vacuum air from the penis and sucks blood into it. Possible side effect is discoloured penis. 


Some men require stimulation as they get older. Sexual foreplay is a good technique to practice in order to encourage erection. Consume less salty foods and sugary drinks and include fruits and vegetables in your diet is a good start.  Less smoking and less alcohol intake follow by regular exercise will also help your circulation.

Alternative treatments

Many people have problems achieving and or sustaining an erection at some point in their lives. Although causes may be psychological, physical or both, the main hindrance is the blood movement towards the penis.  Having a healthier lifestyle will prevent impotence/erectile dysfunction. For more information, please consult your GP. Don’t suffer in silence.


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