Thursday, December 14

Causes of Renal Failure

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Chronic renal failure occurs following a variety of diseases that damage the kidney nephron. Causes of chronic renal failure include:
1. Chronic pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection in one or both kidneys, caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli. Signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis include:
a. Fever
b. Shiver
c. Pain in lower back
d. Nausea
e. Vomiting.
f. Showed symptoms of lower urinary tract infection
g. Frequent urination
h. Pain when urinating
i. Enlargement occurs one or both kidneys
2. Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis is the major cause of end stage renal failure and high rates of morbidity. Glomerulonephritis is an inflammatory disease of bilateral kidneys. Inflammation begins in glomerolus and characterized by the presence of proteinuria or renal artery hematuria.Stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of one or both renal arteries that carry blood to the kidneys.
3. Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism is excessive production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid gland is marked with dekalsifikasi bone and kidney stone formation
4. Prostate hypertrophy
Prostatic hypertrophy is a condition of excessive growth of the prostate gland.
5. urethral stricture
Urethral stricture is a narrowing of the lumen of the urethra due to the formation of fibrotic tissue in the urethral wall
6. Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by elevated levels of glucose in the blood, because the glucose in the blood can not be used by the body. In healthy people, carbohydrates in food is converted into glokosa which will be distributed to all body cells to be used as an energy source is assisted by insulin. In patients with diabetes mellitus, glucose entry into cells is difficult in the absence of insulin in the body. As a result glucose levels in the blood to be increasing.
7. Polycystic kidney disease


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