Features of kingdom Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plamtae and Animalia
The monerans are the simplest of the entire living organism. They are extremely small. The salient features are as follows:
· These organisms are prokaryotic. The organism belonging to this group are simple unicellular and microscopic.
· Cell wall is present in some organism and absent in others. Cell wall is mot made up of cellulose.
· They do not posses’ definite nucleus and lack cell organelles.
· Some organisms, can synthesize their food while some organism show heterotrophic mode of nutrition.
Examples Bacteria, Mycoplasma, and blue green algae.
Kingdom Protista: This group consists of many types of unicellular eukaryotic organism. It’s salient features are:
· They are simple, unicellular eukaryotic organism.
· They have a defined nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
· Locomotion occurs with the help of hair like structures called cilia e.g.( Paramecium), whip like structures called flagella (Euglena) or Pseudopodia e.g. Amoeba.
· Some protests synthesize their own food i.e. they are autotrophic, while others show heterotrophic mode of nutrition
Kingdom Fungi: Fungi are simple eukaryotic, no green (lacking chlorophyll) organism. It’s salient features are –
· Cell wall is present. It is made up of tough complex sugar called chitin.
· They are non photosynthetic. The mode of nutrition is heterotrophic. Most of them are saprophytes.
· Most fungi are multicellular yeast is unicellular fungus.
· The body of multicellular filamentous fungus is called mycelium, which is composed of several threads like structures called hyphae.
· Some fungi live in symbiotic relationship with blue green algae as Lichens.
Example – , Mucor, Aspergillus’s, Penicillium, Rhizopus.
Kingdom Plantae: This group consists of multicellular Eukaryotic organisms. Its salient features are-
· These organisms are autotrophic i.e. they prepare their own food in presence of sunlight, Chlorophyll, water and carbon dioxide by photosynthesis.
· They posses cell wall made up of cellulose.
Kingdom planate are further classified into Thallophyta, Bryophytes, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperm and Angiosperm
Kingdom Animalia: This group consists of all multicellular eukaryotes which do not posses cell wall. It’s salient features are-
· These heterotrophic that is they do not prepare their own food.
· They are multicellular eukaryotes.
· Cell wall is absent.
· They show very limited growth which stops after maturity. Kingdom animalia is further classified into Vertebrates and invertebrates e.g. All Animals.