Features of Kingdom Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae And Animalia

                               Features of kingdom Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plamtae and Animalia

Kingdom Monera 

     The monerans are the simplest of the entire living organism. They are extremely small. The salient features are as follows:

·        These organisms are prokaryotic. The organism belonging to this group are simple unicellular and microscopic.

·        Cell wall is present in some organism and absent in others. Cell wall is mot made up of cellulose.

·        They do not posses’ definite nucleus and lack cell organelles.

·        Some organisms, can synthesize their food while some organism show heterotrophic mode of nutrition.

Examples Bacteria, Mycoplasma, and blue green algae.

Kingdom Protista: This group consists of many types of unicellular eukaryotic organism. It’s salient features are:

·        They are simple, unicellular eukaryotic organism.

·        They have a defined nucleus and membrane bound organelles.

·        Locomotion occurs with the help of hair like structures called cilia e.g.( Paramecium), whip like structures called flagella (Euglena) or Pseudopodia e.g. Amoeba.

·        Some protests synthesize their own food i.e. they are autotrophic, while others show heterotrophic mode of nutrition

Kingdom Fungi: Fungi are simple eukaryotic, no green (lacking chlorophyll) organism. It’s salient features are –

·        Cell wall is present. It is made up of tough complex sugar called chitin.

·        They are non photosynthetic. The mode of nutrition is heterotrophic. Most of them are saprophytes.

·        Most fungi are multicellular yeast is unicellular fungus.

·        The body of multicellular filamentous fungus is called mycelium, which is composed of several threads like structures called hyphae.

·        Some fungi live in symbiotic relationship with blue green algae as Lichens.

Example – , Mucor, Aspergillus’s, Penicillium, Rhizopus.

       Kingdom Plantae: This group consists of multicellular Eukaryotic organisms. Its salient features are-

·        These organisms are autotrophic i.e. they prepare their own food in presence of sunlight, Chlorophyll, water and carbon dioxide by photosynthesis.

·        They posses cell wall made up of cellulose.

Kingdom planate are further classified into Thallophyta, Bryophytes, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperm and Angiosperm

Kingdom Animalia: This group consists of all multicellular eukaryotes which do not posses cell wall. It’s salient features are-

·        These heterotrophic that is they do not prepare their own food.

·        They are multicellular eukaryotes.

·        Cell wall is absent.

·        They show very limited growth which stops after maturity. Kingdom animalia is further classified into Vertebrates and invertebrates e.g. All Animals.

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