You’ve probably heard of colon polyps, but the term sigmoid polyp may be less familiar to you. A sigmoid polyp is a mass of cells that grows inside the sigmoid colon, which is the S-shaped part of the colon near the very end of the intestines. Doctors describe a sigmoid polyp as precancerous. In other words, it may become malignant, but it may not.
Although it’s correct that many sigmoid polyps never become malignant, your doctor will recommend removing them when they’re discovered. This can be done during a colonoscopy. A colonoscopy is a simple outpatient procedure in which a a specialist in gastroenterology can look at the inside of the colon to be sure that your colon is healthy. The doctor uses a device called a colonoscope. This device consists of a a long tube with a tiny video camera on the front, allowing the surgeon to search for signs of cancer along the walls and the inside lining of the colon.
Several different kinds of sigmoid polyps have been defined. One kind appears small and flat. These are referred to as sedentary polyps. Polyps they can look more like a mushroom with a stem, and is called a pedunculated polyp.
Once again, a sigmoid polyp may be – as small as a pea. Others can be relatively big and can be the size of a golf ball. The ones are smaller and mushroom-shaped are lore likely to be benign than the ones that that are flat and large. Typically, the greater the size sigmoid polyp, the greater the chance that it will become cancerous.
Several well-established risk factors have been connected to sigmoid polyps, which include
* Getting older – sigmoid polyps are much more common after age 50
* Putting on a lot of weight
* Smoking cigarettes and other tobacco products
* Poor nutrition – a diet that features a lot of fatty, low fiber meals
* Factors related to family history – research has shown that you have a higher risk of getting sigmoid polyps if other people in your family have had them
There are usually no symptoms of small sigmoid polyps. This is why your doctor is likely to recommend a colonoscopy.
It is possible to have symptoms when you have large colon polypss, including
* Traces of blood in stools
* A change in stool shape during bowel movements: they become narrower
* Painful bowel movements
* Intestinal problems like diarrhea and constipation
Sigmoid polyps that are detected early can ordinarily be removed safely and totally. The number one step is to ascertain whether a mass is malignant or not. Your doctor can take a sample in the course of a colonoscopy and have it analyzed.
There is no way to prevent sigmoid polyps from developing. But you can safely minimize your risk with lifestyle changes and regular screenings.
Get some exercise and eat better food (chiefly high fiber types) decidedly help. Ensure you get enough calcium since it helps protect you against cancer. Broccoli, kale and canned salmon are good quality sources of calcium. Vitamin D also appears to decrease your risk.
If you smoke, stop. If you consume too much alcohol, cut back.
A sigmoid polyp not need to worry you. The vital thing is to ascertain if you have colon polyps or not, and to have them taken out if you do.
Get additional information on colon polyp types and related subjects by clicking on types of colon polyps and colonoscopy fasting Neal Kennedy is a retired radio and TV talk show host who has a special interest in medical and fitness issues.