The market for global foreign exchange does not have any centralized regulatory mechanism to control it. Also known as Forex, this is the biggest market worldwide with $3 trillion dollars per day trading volume. Every day all over the world huge profits and losses are incurred by millions of people and institutions.
For currency trading, the foreign exchange market is a very unique market. There are lots of different facts about it that make it dissimilar to other financial markets. First of all it is an over the counter market and except for weekends it operates 24 hours a day. There are several factors that influence the market value of a currency and these are not necessarily related to the economics.
The trading market for currency has several players operating in it. The smaller players include foreign country visiting tourists and companies that have presence in other countries. But the speculators are the prominent players. Making profit is the sole criteria for the speculators who indulge in this currency trading market. Among the biggest speculators investment, central, and commercial banks dominate the market.
Currency trading does not have any fixed rate of exchange but rather, there are many rates. Because in terms of trading volume, London dominates the worldwide market of currency trading, so it is considered as an unofficial center, although this trading has a decentralized market. Actually, only the London price is predominant in Forex and this is considered the official market price. New York, Tokyo, Hong Kong and Singapore are other main centers of the Forex market.
Trading in currency can be considered complex and a bit tricky. Huge risks are involved in it. This makes it imperative that before making any investment, one should be familiar with the tricks of the trade completely. Even to the best of the business, the losses can happen and one should be prepared for this. Overall, a very educated and calculated investor is required to make any investment in this market.
In achieving the goals of currency trading, there are many tools that provide help. To begin with, there are online advisers and calculators. There are even robots that calculate everything on behalf of the investor and make investments accordingly. But this is not something that reliable to be recommended. The best way is to learn all the basics and after keeping track of the prevailing trends for some time, the moves are to be made on a personal judgment and risk capacity basis.