Pollution is increasing in the world day by day. Modern lifestyle and changes are increasing the risk of spreading germs everywhere.
Germs entering into our lives
Germs enter our homes easily all the time, from the road, from the places we move about such as workplace, school, marketplace, etc. they cling to our hands when we go to toilet, or touch pets, dust, etc. Pets such as dogs, cats and birds harbor parasites, mites, bacteria, viruses and fungi which cause diseases. Sneezing and coughing eject bacteria and viruses and spread them in the air. These germs eventually settle on walls, furniture and dust and pass into bodies when we handle them.
Infection through germs can be prevented
Over 60% of diseases in India are caused by infectious agents that pass into our body by carelessness. 90% of them can be prevented by washing our hands after handling such things.
We can prevent a lot of infections that cause cold, diarrhea, and even serious illnesses such as jaundice, typhoid and meningitis can be prevented by being careful. Timely hand washing can protect against the mechanism of infections.
Hand washing may seem to be simple, but to make it an effective activity, correct technique should be followed.
First, we should wet our hands thoroughly and then apply soap or hand wash solution. Then rub the hands vigorously together and scrub all surfaces. Then we should rinse well after which the hands should be dried. The soap destroys the cell walls of the micro-organisms and the scrubbing removes the germs.
Washing hands after toilet using
This may seem to be puzzling to the westerners as they use tissue papers after toilet use. But in countries like India, we use hands after toilet use. A recent survey showed that only 67% of the Indians washed their hands after their toilet use. Scarcity of water, lack of toilet facility, etc. were some of the reasons cited by those who were approached for hand wash survey.
But it is a surprising fact that even in the developed countries, where they have plenty of water and other cleansing materials, only 70 % of people wash their hands after their toilet use. Women are more likely to wash their hands than men. It is quite encouraging that in Japan failure to wash hands after toilet use is a punishable offence of the law.
The importance of hand washing
Every one should understand the important of washing hands. History says that, in England and France many women died of sepsis in childbirth in the 1800s, before washing hands became a norm. It was only after this norm was promulgated that the nurses and doctors washed their hands between attending patients.
Keep the house and surrounding clean
Houses and surroundings should be kept clean, free from chance of infection. Floors should be mopped regularly with disinfectant solution and banisters and other surfaces should be wiped.
Teach the children washing hands
The habit of washing hands, whenever necessary, should be taught to children. They should learn how germs can bring diseases if they fail to wash hands. In the school, they have more chances to contract germs. They should be taught to wash their hands before eating, after playing, after touching pets and after their toilet use.