Monday, December 18

How to Use Machine-Embroidery

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Though instruction books are provided by all makers, the following general points will be of assistance:

  1. Use the correct size of needle and thread.  Machine embroidery thread is available in two weights, 30 and 50.  The latter is the finer thread.

  2. Practice for tension and stitch on a spare piece of material.

  3. Never machine on single material.  Always use two layers of garment or fabric or use organdie for silk fabric, tacked on the back. 

  4. Typing paper at the back of work is also helpful than backing fabric in order to retain the nature of pure silk.

  5. Speed may be controlled while doing rows of close embroidery  otherwise it can result in difference in stitch length etc.

  6. It is necessary to begin  right on the edge when embroidering on a garment with a finished corner or edge.  Because of thickness of the fabric, it may be difficult to get the machine started.  To overcome this problem, sew a few strands of thread to the corner by hand, put the work under the machine foot and gently help the fabric through until the thick area has been passed.

Machine Applique:

To attach motifs, proceed as follows:

  1. Trace the design on the wrong side of the material, in reverse with a tracing wheel and dressmaking carbon paper.  Alternatively, trace the design on to iron-on Vilene and fuse this to the wrong side of the garment.

  2. Tack the material for the appliqué on to the right side.

  3. Sew along the traced lines on the wrong side, using a zig-zag stitch.

  4. Turn to the right side and cut away the appliqué fabric close to the stitching.

  5. Cover the cut edges on the right side with satin stitch.

  6. When using more than one appliqué fabric, sew the lower part to the garment as before but use straight stitch instead of zig-zag stitches.  Cover the zig-zag  edges with satin stitch.  The straight stitched edge will be covered when adding the part of the motif.

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