This article is focused on providing answers to the primary questions many women have related to ovulation pain. What is ovulation pain? What causes pain during ovulation? What are the symptoms of soreness during ovulation? Why is there sometimes ovulation pain following ovulation?
Ovulation pain is a form of ovary pain which occurs in about one of every five women in their reproductive years. Typically, ovary pain from ovulation happens about two weeks before the menstrual cycle, when one of the ovaries releases an ovum or egg. Intensity of pain during ovulation varies from woman to another. Some women feel mild discomfort, others feel serious pain and cramping. Soreness during ovulation can last for a few minutes or a few days. Another name for ovulation pain is Mittelschmerz, which is German for “mid pain.”
Ovary pain during ovulation can be a symptom of an underlying gynecological disorder, but this is generally not the case. Nevertheless, severe, prolonged ovary pain from ovulation (more than a few days) or heavy bleeding is something you should definitely discuss with your doctor.
Why do some women have ovary pain from ovulation? The exact cause of soreness during ovulation is still unknown, but medical researchers have come up with some educated guesses.
The most probable theories focus on ovarian follicles, the sac-like structures in which eggs develop. One theory suggests that during ovulation, the follicle bursts open, releasing the egg into the fallopian tube. It could be that the expanding follicle stretches the membrane of the ovaries, resulting in soreness during ovulation.
Another theory suggests that when the ovum matures, it bursts from the follicle, resulting in internal bleeding. Perhaps this bleeding may irritate the lining of the uterus, causing aching during ovulation.
As mentioned above, discomfort during ovulation is quite common and in most cases is not a symptom any underlying illness. But sometimes it can be an indication of a problem in the making. Here are some possibilities.
Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease – Another name for pelvic inflammatory disease is PID. It occurs when there is inflammation in a woman’s reproductive system. Frequently, women who are already suffering from gonorrhea or chlamydia also get pelvic inflammatory disease.
Ectopic pregnancy – An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg begins to develop outside the ueterus – most often in a fallopian tube. Typical symptoms include abdominal cramping and vaginal bleeding. It is considered to be a serious medical condition and immediate professional care is important.
Endometriosis – Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium, or lining of the uterus grows elsewhere outside the uterus. Endometriosis is characterized by pain during intimacy and unusually severe periods.
Ovary cyst – These are fluid-filled sacs that grow on your ovaries. Frequently, a cyst on the ovary is harmless, but this is not true 100 percent of the time.
Salpingitis – This often starts with an infection in a fallopian tube which results in inflammation. This inflammation is relatively common. It is the main reason for one of every six hospital admissions related to women’s reproductive organs.
Why is there sometimes post ovulation pain? Pain after ovulation may be caused by a small leakage of blood from the ovary during ovulation. This leakage may result in irritation. The seriousness of this type of pain following ovulation depends on how much leakage and several other variables. Other problems related to the reproductive system, such as fibroids or PCOS can also result in pain after ovulation. You should talk these over with your physician.
Remember that the discomfort from an inflamed appendix is can be mistaken for ovulation pain. If your pain is constant and growing worse on the right side of the abdomen, with nausea and vomiting, seek medical attention quickly.
There are other diseases and disorders that can cause discomfort similar to ovulation pain too. These are mostly gastrointestinal problems, such as a perforated ulcer, gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease.
Again, ovulation pain is more often than not harmless and is transient, although it can be particularly painful for some women as long as it lasts. It is important to know when mid-cycle pain can be a symptom of something more threatening. As with most illnesses and diseases, diagnosing a problem early increases the chances of a favorable outcome.