Atrial Septal Defect

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Congenital heart  disease  is a set of structural malformations  of heart  or major blood vessel  that has been there since birth. Complex congenital heart  disease  often  found  in infants  and children. If no surgery, most patients are  children  who have heart disease bawaaan will die as a baby. Therefore, congenital heart  disease  found  in adults  showed  that the patient  is able through natural selection, or has undergone  surgery  early  in infancy.
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart disorder, characterized by the hole in the septum separating the right atrium and left.
Atrial septal defect is a congenital heart disorder due to a hole in the wall of the atrium of the heart. As a result of blood from the left atrium that should go into the left ventricle, into the right ventricle. If the hole is large enough, atrial septal defect will result in right heart volume load is increased and causes the load on left heart volume.
Atrial septal defect is a congenital heart disorder caused by a hole in the interatrial septum, there is a relationship between the right atrium and the left that is not closed by the valve.
Signs and symptoms of atrial septal defects include:
1. Dyspnea
2. Infection of airway
3. Palpitations
4. Kardiomegali
5. Enlarged right atrium and ventricle
6. Increased diastolic
7. Low systolic
8. Enlarged pulmonary artery
9. Pulmonary Hypertension
10. Heart failure
11. Pulmonary artery pressure increased


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