Rabies is an acute infectious disease of central nervous system caused by rabies virus. The rabies virus is transmitted to humans through animal bites, such as dogs, cats, monkeys, raccoons, and bats. Rabies is a virus neuroinvasive disease that causes inflammation of the brain. The incubation period of rabies virus depends on the time required to reach the central nervous system. Once the infection reaches the central nervous system and begin to show symptoms, if not treated immediately can cause death.
Signs and symptoms of rabies can be divided into:
Signs and symptoms of prodromal stage include:
1. High fever
4. No appetite
6. Sore throat
7. Respiratory insufficiency.
8. Can not sleep
10. Saliva, and tears out excess.
Signs and symptoms of sensory stage include:
1. People feel a great pain
2. A burning sensation accompanied by tingling in the bite scars
3. Anxiety and overreaction to sensory stimuli.
Signs and symptoms of excitation stage include:
1. Muscle tone and sympathetic activity was not controlled, the more severe conditions can cause convulsions
5. Pupil dilation
6. Fear of water
Signs and symptoms of paralysis stage include:
1. Muscle paresis progressive
2. Impaired bone marrow
3. Paralysis of respiratory muscles, so patients are very difficult to breathe
4. Further conditions of bias caused death