Monday, December 18

An Introduction to Spanish (Part 1)

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Instant Spanish vocabulary

I’ve been learning Spanish, so I intend to put in some hints and tips for anyone else who might be:

First there are various words and phrases that are familiar to English speakers that are the same in Spanish or Spanish phrases and words that are used in English.

The ‘el’ or ‘la’ before them are the words for ‘the’, more on these in part 2. It’s just enough that you understand that at the moment.

Spanish words that are used in English

El albino

El armadillo

El desperado

El mosquito

El patio

El rodeo

La armada

La fiesta

La plaza

La salsa

La siesta

La tortilla

Pronto

English nouns that are used in Spanish, or words that have come from other languages into both

El aftershave

El animal

El bar

El bikini

El bulldozer

El cardigan

El chef

El cheque

El criminal

El doctor (can use el médico as well)

El festival

El futbol

El hamster

El hobby

El hockey

El hospital

El hotel

El jersey

El jumbo

El ketchup

El kiwi

El metro

El mosquito

El parking (car park)

El pedal

El piano

El radiator

El reflector

El rosbif – roast beef

El rugby

El salmón

El sándwich

El sofá

El taxi

El tractor

El violin

La duty free

La radio (watch this as el radio is not a radio)

La zebra

Most of these do not need much explanation, apart from the alternative spellings and the note that some contain an acute accent on vowels. These are discussed later on.

Nouns that are the same in Spanish as in English with the addition of an ‘o’ , an ‘e’ or an ‘a’

El accidente

El cliente

El continente

El departmento

El helicóptero

El mapa

El océano

El piloto

El planeta

El plástico

El submarino

El uniforme

El universo

La artista

La caravana

La dentista

La dieta

La musica

La novela

La persona

La planta

La policía

La pupila (the pupil of your eye)

La tableta

Place names

There are various place names that can give you instant vocabulary. You know these places and so if you can remember the meanings then you know the Spanish words.

Buenos Aires – means Good Air

Costa del Sol – Coast of the Sun

El Paso – The pass

La Paz – The peace

Las Vegas – The meadows (not used much)

Los Angeles – The angels

Montaña – mountain

Sierra Nevada – Snow covered mountains

Miscellaneous

Remember Zorro, well it’s a Spanish word and quite appropriate to the character. It means ‘fox’ so ‘el zorro’ is the fox.

Words and phrases you may already know

Nouns

El amigo / La amiga – Friend

El burro – donkey

El café – coffee

El pueblo – village

El sombrero – hat

El vino – wine

La luna – the moon

La Piña – Pineapple. Piña colada means strained pineapple.

La vista – view

Others

Hola – hello

Adios – goodbye

No – means ‘no’, it also means ‘not’

Si – Yes (also means if)

Mañana – tomorrow, also means morning

No comprendo – really does mean ‘I don’t understand’. So comprendo means I understand.

‘Hasta la vista’ as used by the Terminator means something like ‘until I see you again’

Or you can use

‘Hasta luego’ which means ‘until then’ or

‘Hasta pronto’ means ‘see you soon’

Also not listed above a lot of modern words such as computer orientated are the same as in English. I’ve not listed them.

I’ll update this document as I find and organise more information (Información).

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