Instant Spanish vocabulary
I’ve been learning Spanish, so I intend to put in some hints and tips for anyone else who might be:
First there are various words and phrases that are familiar to English speakers that are the same in Spanish or Spanish phrases and words that are used in English.
The ‘el’ or ‘la’ before them are the words for ‘the’, more on these in part 2. It’s just enough that you understand that at the moment.
Spanish words that are used in English
English nouns that are used in Spanish, or words that have come from other languages into both
El doctor (can use el médico as well)
El parking (car park)
El rosbif – roast beef
La duty free
La radio (watch this as el radio is not a radio)
Most of these do not need much explanation, apart from the alternative spellings and the note that some contain an acute accent on vowels. These are discussed later on.
Nouns that are the same in Spanish as in English with the addition of an ‘o’ , an ‘e’ or an ‘a’
La pupila (the pupil of your eye)
There are various place names that can give you instant vocabulary. You know these places and so if you can remember the meanings then you know the Spanish words.
Buenos Aires – means Good Air
Costa del Sol – Coast of the Sun
El Paso – The pass
La Paz – The peace
Las Vegas – The meadows (not used much)
Los Angeles – The angels
Montaña – mountain
Sierra Nevada – Snow covered mountains
Remember Zorro, well it’s a Spanish word and quite appropriate to the character. It means ‘fox’ so ‘el zorro’ is the fox.
Words and phrases you may already know
El amigo / La amiga – Friend
El burro – donkey
El café – coffee
El pueblo – village
El sombrero – hat
El vino – wine
La luna – the moon
La Piña – Pineapple. Piña colada means strained pineapple.
La vista – view
Hola – hello
Adios – goodbye
No – means ‘no’, it also means ‘not’
Si – Yes (also means if)
Mañana – tomorrow, also means morning
No comprendo – really does mean ‘I don’t understand’. So comprendo means I understand.
‘Hasta la vista’ as used by the Terminator means something like ‘until I see you again’
Or you can use
‘Hasta luego’ which means ‘until then’ or
‘Hasta pronto’ means ‘see you soon’
Also not listed above a lot of modern words such as computer orientated are the same as in English. I’ve not listed them.
I’ll update this document as I find and organise more information (Información).