An ovarian cyst is normally basically a small sac, filled with a nonhazardous fluid, that develops in your ovaries. It looks like an air bubble when seen with an ultrascan. This article is intended to answer several of the basic questions you may well have in relation to ovarian cysts: what is an ovarian cyst, how dangerous is an ovary cyst, what is a ruptured an ovary cyst, and what are the types of cysts on the ovary.
As a rule there is no ovary discomfort that accompanies such cysts. When you have a cyst on the ovary, you normally don’t even know it’s there. Characteristically, a cyst on the ovary is discovered by your general practitioner during the performance of a routine examination. A cyst on the ovary habitually resolves by itself without treatment in several weeks.
Ovarian pain is likely to happen though, if the cyst ruptures. A rupture happens when an a cyst on the ovary gets larger and larger until the the sac becomes so full that it bursts and the fluid inside begins to seep out. This causes irritation in the lining of the pelvis, resulting in pain in the ovaries. An ovary cyst that bursts is a serious medical situation. A surgical procedure may be necessary.
There are a variety of different kinds of cysts on the ovaries and a woman can get one of these types almost anytime during her life. But they occur more often during her child-bearing years. Ovarian cysts are not caused by other diseases, but they can sometimes become cancerous.
These kinds of ovary cysts are not malignant. It should be noted however, that a woman can develop more than one type.
Follicular – A follicular cyst forms because of a process called involution, in which a mature follicle collapses on itself. This is more likely to happen during overlation than at other times. Follicular cysts sometimes get as large as two inches in diameter. Severe pain in the ovary is likely when a a follicular cyst ruptures. Since it occurs at ovulation, it is commonly called mittelschmerz (translation: middle pain). Twenty-five percent of woman who have this type of ovarian cysts will experience some kind of discomfort. But follicular cysts usually disappear by themselves in a matter of a few months.
Corpus luteum – Corpus luteum means yellow body in Latin. This is another name for an egg that has been released from a follicle. The corpus luteum helps release several hormones which thicken the endometrium. This is an important step in becoming pregnant. If pregnancy does not result, the corpus luteum simply breaks down. But this doesn’t always occur. Sometimes, the corpus luteum stays in an ovary and begins to fill with blood. Generally, this is likely to happen only on one side. There are no symptoms.
Hemorrhagic cyst – When there is bleeding inside a cyst, it’s referred to as a hemorrhagic cyst. This type may cause ovary pain on one side of the body.
Dermoid cyst – These are generally considered to be an unusual type of an ovary cyst. It can grow as large as 6 inches in diameter, and generally occurs in younger women. Most of the time, it contains a variety of fat. Inflammation sometimes occurs in dermoid cysts, which can result in intense ovarian pain.
Endometriomas or endometrioid cysts – These appear when a women as a moderately common condition called endometriosis. Endometrial cysts can cause recurrent pain in the region of the pelvis. It normally occurs during a woman’s reproductive years. They can have a reddish brown color because they’re filled with blood. So, they’re sometimes known as chocolate cysts.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome – This disorder is frequently just called PCOS. It is also called polycystic ovary syndrome or disease, and it occurs when many cysts begin to grow on a woman’s ovary.
Women who have PCOS usually get it during their reproductive years. If untreated, it can the capability to get pregnant. Thus far, the particular reason PCOS occurs is ambiguous. However, about 5 percent of all women will have it sometime during their life.
Cystadenoma – Cystadenoma refers to a benign tumor made up of tissue from an ovary.|This disorder is characterized by ovarian tissue that forms into a benign tumor.} It may be filled with a mucous-type fluid material. This kind of a cyst on the ovary can become quite large. It can grow to 12 inches.