It is widely used as a mouth freshener and in toothpaste. It contains many minerals, and vitamins like vitamin C, vitamin B3, iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, fiber, manganese etc.
Apart from these there are various medicinal and health benefits which can be summarized as under
Iron which is the chief constituent of hemoglobin is found in fennel. It helps to stimulate production of hemoglobin and other components of blood.
It is a common practice in India to chew fennel seeds after meals, as it helps in digestion and keeps bad breath away. It also stimulates secretion of digestive and gastric juices reduce inflammation of stomach and intestine and helps in proper absorption of nutrients from the food. It is a great appetizer and has anti-acid properties too.
It also helps to cure flatulence and to remove gases from the stomach.
Fennel seeds in powered form, acts as a laxative. It helps in the clearance of bowels, thereby helping proper excretion.
The essential oils present in fennel such as anetol cineole have disinfectant and anti-bacterial properties, they helps in digestion and proper functioning of digestive system, thus helping cure diarrhea.
Polymeric and heavy molecules present in fennel helps in the treatment of renal colic.
It is also used in the treatment of respiratory disorders such as congestion, bronchitis, cough etc.
It also helps to regulate menstruation by regulating hormonal action in the body.
The juice of fennel seeds can be applied to the eyes to reduce irritation and fatigue of eyes; it also protects eyes from inflammation, disorders related to aging and macular degeneration.
It is also used in the treatment of bruises, cellulitis, obesity, halitosis, inflammation of the mouth.
It is a good remedy against intestinal worms in case of children.
It increases frequency of urination, thereby throwing all the toxic substances from the body and thereby helping in rheumatism, swelling etc.
It increases production and secretion of milk in lactating mothers.
It prevents hair fall, sharpens memory and has a cooling effect on the body
. It strengthens the immunity system and helps in reducing the cholesterol level