The mechanical clock was likely invented in China over 900 years ago. Since then, improvements to clocks have been made. An outstanding improvement came in the mid-1600’s., when the pendulum came into use in mechanical clocks. Thanks to that revolutionary innovation, clocks became so accurate that a new feature appeared on their faces – a minute hand! The new design-with its pendulum, weights, and relatively heavy mechanism – naturally required a sturdy, upright housing. This resulted in what became familiar to people around the world as longcase, or grandfather, clocks, described by one clock expert as “highly reliable and reasonable time-keepers even in adverse condition”.
At first, these prized clocks were manufactured only in big European cities, such as London and Paris. Little by little, however, their production spread to the farthest corners of the European continent. Thus, local artistic styles began to embellish the basic design. The structure, slender or bulky. It could be made of pine, ebony, mahogany, oak, or walnut, and its case could be plain or adorned with ornamentation. The grandfather clock therefore gained popularity not only as a superior timekeeper but also as an elegant and dignified addition to the furnishings of a room.
There may be an additional reason why people continue to find the grandfather clock fascinating and attractive. In a way, it appears human. “It is about the size of an average human being and has an expressive and meaningful face”, notes Finnish researcher Dr. Sinikk Mäntylä. Its audible ticktock even resembles a heartbeat. Today, precise and inexpensive quart”- controlled clocks have replaces most of these big upright masterpieces. But even in our hurried time, the presence of a grandfather clock still inspires a measure of tranquility.
The book Keeping Time-Collecting and Caring for Clocks observes: «A long-case clock with its steady and unhurried tick can also somehow soothe the spirit and is redolent of what we think of as a more peaceful age.”